Data from the German Antibiotic Resistance Surveillance system (ARS) and statutory notification of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in blood cultures are presented. ARS is a voluntary laboratory-based surveillance system providing resistance data of all clinical pathogens and sample types from hospitals and ambulatory care. Statutory… (More)
BACKGROUND Timing of childhood vaccinations has received close attention in many countries. Little is known about the trends in correctly timed vaccination in former Soviet countries. We examined trends in vaccination coverage and correct timing of vaccination in two post-Soviet countries, Armenia and Kyrgyzstan, and analyzed factors associated with delayed… (More)
BACKGROUND Incidence of acute respiratory infections (ARI) and gastrointestinal infections (GII) are difficult to assess due to high frequency episodes, limited severity and short duration. Retrospective assessments therefore are particularly prone to recall bias, while prospective assessment with conventional questionnaires requires high discipline from… (More)
BACKGROUND Data about the vaccination status of participants are required in epidemiological cohort studies whenever infection or immunity is considered as potential exposure or outcome. Within Pretest 2 of the German National Cohort (GNC) we therefore investigated the acceptance and feasibility of extracting vaccination status from vaccination certificates… (More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Within the German National Cohort (GNC) 100,000 adult women in Germany will be comprehensively interviewed and examined. While women's health is addressed in the basic interview, direct detection of cervicovaginal microbial colonisation or infection is not part of the examination protocol. In a pilot project the feasibility of… (More)
BACKGROUND For certain laboratory investigations it is necessary to obtain native stool samples and process them within a narrow time window at the point of contact or a nearby laboratory. However, it is not known whether it is feasible to obtain stool samples from asymptomatic individuals during an appointment in a study center (SC). We therefore compared… (More)
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES Large scale population-based studies focusing on infectious diseases are scarce. This may be explained by methodological obstacles concerning ascertainment of data on infectious diseases requiring, e.g. collection of data on relatively short-termed symptoms and/or collection of biosamples for pathogen identification during a narrow… (More)
A nationwide 2-year surveillance study on invasive neonatal Escherichia coli infections in Germany was conducted. A total of 158 isolates were tested for antibiotic susceptibility. The empirical treatment regimen of ampicillin plus gentamicin for neonatal sepsis appears to remain effective, but emerging resistance needs to be closely monitored.