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Substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) are putative transmitters in the central and peripheral (sensory) nervous systems. In this study, we examined the effects of dependence on and withdrawal from morphine and methadone on brain SP and CGRP content. Female Long Evans rats (70-100 g) were provided with plain drinking water or solutions(More)
Rat pups were exposed in utero to the opiates methadone or buprenorphine by administering subcutaneous injections to the mothers daily for the duration of pregnancy. Met- and Leu-enkephalin in the brains of the pups were measured by specific radioimmunoassays. Methadone at 8 mg/kg but not 4 mg/kg significantly reduced enkephalin levels in the striatum.(More)
Opioids were administered to female Long Evans rats in their drinking water. Maintenance doses of 0.8 and 0.4 mg/ml for morphine and methadone, respectively, were achieved using an ascending dosage schedule. Rats were decapitated 0, 20, or 60 min after naloxone (10 mg/kg, IP) or saline. Brain met-enkephalin-like immunoreactivity (ME-LI) was determined by(More)
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