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The peptide messengers neuropeptide Y (NPY), growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and beta-endorphin (BEND) were tested in an animal model of anxiety, the Geller-Seifter conflict test. Rats were subjected to a multiple schedule consisting of three components: in the first component, lever-pressing produced food-reward(More)
IDARS is an acronym for the International Drug Abuse Research Society. Apart from our scientific and educational purposes, we communicate information to the general and scientific community about substance abuse and addiction science and treatment potential. Members of IDARS are research scientists and clinicians from around the world, with scheduled(More)
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