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Fifty-seven patients with palpably enlarged peripheral lymph nodes underwent detailed ultrasonographic (US) examination with a 5.0-MHz and a 7.5-MHz probe. In 32 of 36 patients with malignant lymphoma (12 with Hodgkin disease, 24 with non-Hodgkin lymphoma) US showed a hypoechoic mass with a centrally located tubular structure. Pathologic examination showed(More)
To investigate the potential of MR imaging in the evaluation of sinus tracts or fistulae associated with Crohn disease, 17 patients with pelvic or abdominal fistulae or sinus tracts underwent MR imaging with multislice spin-echo techniques, 500/15 and 1600/22,80 (TR/TE). The presence of fistulae and/or sinus tracts was confirmed by contrast-enhanced CT (n =(More)
Sixteen patients with splenic lymphoma and six with nonlymphomatous splenic lesions underwent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, ultrasound (US), and dynamic CT. All patients were studied at 1.5 T with gradient echo sequences using a repetition time of 80 ms, echo time of 16 ms, and two pulse angles of 30 and 60 degrees. In 14 patients with lymphomatous(More)
To assess the utility of changes in the volume of the caudate lobe in the sonographic diagnosis of liver cirrhosis, the authors studied 58 patients with histologically proved cirrhosis, 18 patients with fatty liver, 28 patients with liver metastases, seven patients with lymphomatous liver involvement, and 75 healthy individuals. The longitudinal (CL),(More)
Sonography of the pancreas was evaluated quantitatively in 94 normal subjects. The grey-scale values in the head and body of the pancreas were measured and compared with those of retroperitoneal fat. The echogenicity of the pancreas and the contrast between pancreas and fat were correlated with the age and weight of the subjects. Semi-quantitative studies(More)
The feasibility of dynamic sequential magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of focal hepatic lesions using Gd-diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) was evaluated in this study. Three patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, 12 patients with metastases, and 7 patients with hemangiomas were studied with pre- and postcontrast multislice spin echo (SE) images(More)
Two investigators were asked to evaluate independently the echogenicity, coarsening and inhomogeneity of the hepatic echo pattern in a semi-quantitative manner; they had no knowledge of the diagnosis and used the same apparatus. The three subjective criteria were largely independent from the observer. Approximately three-quarters of all patients with(More)
A combination of frequency selective excitation and saturation is used to separated water and fat components in magnetic resonance imaging. In conjunction with a gradient echo sequence (fast low angle) shot and a three-dimensional data acquisition, a large volume of the body can be covered. A set of 32 water or fat images can be obtained within 3.5 min(More)
In this paper the signal intensity and parameter-weighting zones of spin echo and gradient echo sequences (FLASH) have been analysed. Using information available in the literature, with additional analytical and numerical techniques, it is possible to determine parameters which maximise tissue contrast for T1, T2 and proton-weighted images. The technique is(More)