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We have recently demonstrated using fMRI that a region within the human lateral occipital complex (LOC) is activated by objects when either seen or touched. We term this cortical region LOtv for the lateral occipital tactile-visual region. We report here that LOtv voxels tend to be located in sub-regions of LOC that show preference for graspable visual(More)
Neurones are noisy elements. Noise arises from both intrinsic and extrinsic sources, and manifests itself as fluctuations in the membrane potential. These fluctuations limit the accuracy of a neurone's output but have also been suggested to play a computational role. We present a detailed study of the amplitude and spectrum of voltage noise recorded at the(More)
The olivo-cerebellar system has been implicated in temporal coordination of task components. Here, we propose a novel model that enables the olivo-cerebellar system to function as a generator of temporal patterns. These patterns could be used for timing of motor, sensory and cognitive tasks. The proposed mechanism for the generation of these patterns is(More)
Complex movements require accurate temporal coordination between their components. The temporal acuity of such coordination has been attributed to an internal clock signal provided by inferior olivary oscillations. However, a clock signal can produce only time intervals that are multiples of the cycle duration. Because olivary oscillations are in the range(More)
Membrane ion channels and synapses are among the most important computational elements of nerve cells. Both have stochastic components that are reflected in random fluctuations of the membrane potential. We measured the spectral characteristics of membrane voltage noise in vitro at the soma and the apical dendrite of layer 4/5 (L4/5) neocortical neurons of(More)
A variation of simulated annealing optimization called 'constrained simulated annealing' is used with a simple annealing schedule to optimize beam weights and angles in radiation therapy treatment planning. Constrained simulated annealing is demonstrated using two contrasting objective functions which incorporate both biological response and dose-volume(More)
The study of spatial processing in the auditory system usually requires complex experimental setups, using arrays of speakers or speakers mounted on moving arms. These devices, while allowing precision in the presentation of the spatial attributes of sound, are complex, expensive and limited. Alternative approaches rely on virtual space sound delivery. In(More)
The cerebellum has been implicated as a major player in producing temporal acuity. Theories of cerebellar timing typically emphasize the role of the cerebellar cortex while overlooking the role of the deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN) that provide the sole output of the cerebellum. Here we review anatomical and electrophysiological studies to shed light on the(More)
Presents a technique for building an index into a Huffman-coded file that permits efficient random access to the encoded data. The technique provides the ability to find the starting position of the jth symbol of the uncompressed file in an n-bit compressed file in O(log n) bit-examinations of the compressed file plus its index. Furthermore, the size of the(More)