G . J . Schuurhuis

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Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is generally regarded as a stem cell disease. In CD34-positive AML, the leukemic stem cell has been recognized as CD38 negative. This CD34+CD38− population survives chemotherapy and is most probable the cause of minimal residual disease (MRD). The outgrowth of MRD causes relapse and MRD can therefore serve as a prognostic(More)
The antineoplastic drug doxorubicin is capable of generating a variety of free radical species in subcellular systems and this capacity has been considered critical for its antitumor action. However, for most tumor cell lines this mechanism of cytotoxicity does not appear to play a major role. Free radical-independent cytotoxicity mechanisms, taking place(More)
We studied the resistance of colon tumors to anticancer agents in vitro. Using daunorubicin (DN), a number of cellular parameters which normally indicate acquired or multidrug resistance (MDR), were compared for several human wild-type colon cell lines, i.e. HT29, SW1116 and COLO 320, and the murine colon cell line C-26. The sensitive/MDR human ovarian(More)
In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), activating mutations in the fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) gene predict poor prognosis. We determined FLT3 internal tandem duplications (FLT3/ITD) and D835 point mutations in paired initial and relapse samples from 80 pediatric and adult AML patients. One D835 point mutation was found in an initial pediatric AML sample.(More)
The selective uptake of the Auger- and internal conversion electrons emitting radionuclide 67Ga in malignant tumours may have therapeutic potential. We studied several factors which might affect the uptake and radiotoxicity of 67Ga in the human lymphoma cell line U-715. The 67Ga uptake was dependent on transferrin in a dose-dependent manner. The highest(More)
Etoposide [4'-demethylepipodophyllotoxin-9-(4,6-O-ethylidene-beta- D-glucopyranoside)] can be metabolized to DNA-inactivating catechol, ortho-quinone and semi-quinone free radical derivatives which may contribute to its cytotoxicity. In this paper, we examined in vitro whether glutathione (GSH), which is known to react easily with quinoid compounds, could(More)
Outgrowth of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is responsible for the occurrence of relapses. MRD can be quantified by immunophenotyping on a flow cytometer using the expression of leukaemia-associated phenotypes. MRD was monitored in follow-up samples taken from bone marrow (BM) of 72 patients after three different cycles of(More)
Four multidrug-resistant variants of the human squamous lung cancer cell line SW-1573 with levels of doxorubicin resistance ranging from 10- to 2000-fold were characterized with respect to drug accumulation and efflux, subcellular drug distribution pattern, antioxidant defenses, and P-glycoprotein expression. For all these parameters except the antioxidant(More)
Relapses after initial successful treatment in acute myeloid leukemia are thought to originate from the outgrowth of leukemic stem cells. Their flow cytometrically assessed frequency is of importance for relapse prediction and is therefore assumed to be implemented in future risk group profiling. Since current detection methods are complex, time- and bone(More)
Resistance to natural product-derived anti-cancer drugs, such as the anthracyclines and etoposide, contributes to the failure of chemotherapeutic treatment of leukaemia. One biological resistance mechanism of potential importance is the overexpression of the plasma membrane drug transporter proteins P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and multidrug resistance protein(More)