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This study evaluated outcomes of an inpatient program designed to reduce severe agitated behavior in geriatric patients with dementia who could not be successfully treated on an outpatient basis. An individualized treatment plan was created for each patient (N = 250) that involved pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions with behavioral,(More)
The Group for the Advancement of Psychiatry, Committee on Aging, believes that a crisis has emerged with respect to the understanding of the nature and treatment of schizophrenia in older persons. Moreover, critical gaps exist in clinical services for this population. In this article, we examine the epidemiology of aging and schizophrenia; life-course(More)
A scientific information base is developing which focuses on understanding and managing behavior problems in geriatric populations, especially those with dementing illnesses such as Alzheimer's disease. Many of these behavior problems occur in long-term care settings, which have a high prevalence of residents exhibiting emotional and behavioral disorders,(More)
A review of the literature on personality disorders (PD) in late life reveals fewer research papers than those found for PD in younger adults and for other major late-life psychiatric diagnoses. The authors suggest that this gap is largely due to the difficult and inconsistent diagnostic process for late-life PDs. Diagnosis is complicated by the frequent(More)
The sensitivity of reaction time (RT) measurement in assessing cognitive decline in dementia of the Alzheimer type (DAT) was evaluated. Sixteen DAT patients and 16 normal elderly controls, matched for age and education, read 50 stimulus words presented individually on a cathode-ray tube. DAT patients exhibited a significantly greater cognitive impairment as(More)
Antipsychotic drugs are frequently used (and sometimes overused) to manage behavioral problems, especially in demented patients. All antipsychotics theoretically work through the same mechanism, so drug selection is based primarily on side effect profiles. In this article, we provide prescribing guidelines for antipsychotics and other psychoactive drugs(More)
The authors evaluated the validity, reliability, and sensitivity to change of the Delirium Severity Scale (DSS), a 10-minute assessment consisting of Forward Digit Span and Similarities. Twenty-two older inpatients with delirium but not dementia and 15 control patients were administered the DSS during hospitalization. Scores were significantly inversely(More)
Following previous research which suggests that piracetam improves performance on tasks associated with the left hemisphere, a 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of developmental dyslexics was conducted. Six study sites treated 257 dyslexic boys between the ages of 8 and 13 years who were significantly below their potential in reading(More)
Effects of sex hormones on electroshock seizure threshold and on glycogen and electrolyte distribution in brain of rats. Threshold and pattern of electroshock convulsions during estrous cycle in the rat. Alterations in electrical activity of the prepyriform cortex during short-term altitude exposure. The Physiologist 6:299, 1963. 10. Woolley, D. E. Spectral(More)
A range of different dysphoric symptomologies are subsumed under the general diagnostic label of depression. This may lead to problems with inter-laboratory reliability when reporting results of depression research. A partial list of a variety of "unhappiness" is submitted to encourage rigor of definitions and to stimulate discussion. Comments are made(More)