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The neuroendocrine polypeptide 7B2 is a highly conserved secretory protein selectively present in prohormone-producing cells equipped with a regulated secretory pathway. We find that the amino-terminal half of 7B2 is distantly related to chaperonins, a subclass of molecular chaperones. When incubated in vitro with newly synthesized pituitary proteins,(More)
Through the use of a screening strategy designed to isolate novel cDNAs encoding proteins concerned with pituitary secretion in Xenopus laevis, we discovered clone X7365, which encodes a transmembrane protein with a signal peptide, two follistatin modules, a unique epidermal growth factor domain, and a short cytoplasmic region. RNA expression analyses(More)
The cerebral cortex of Alzheimer's and Down syndrome patients is characterized by the presence of protein deposits in neurofibrillary tangles, neuritic plaques, and neuropil threads. These structures were shown to contain forms of beta amyloid precursor protein and ubiquitin-B that are aberrant (+1 proteins) in the carboxyl terminus. The +1 proteins were(More)
Regulated secretion of hormones occurs when a cell receives an external stimulus, triggering the secretory granules to undergo fusion with the plasma membrane and release their content into the extracellular milieu. The formation of a mature secretory granule (MSG) involves a series of discrete and unique events such as protein sorting, formation of(More)
Proopiomelanocortin (POMC) is the precursor for a number of biologically active peptides such as adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) and beta-endorphin. It is well known that these peptides are involved in the stress response in fish as well as in mammals. We have cloned two different carp POMC cDNAs called,(More)
Pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) is the precursor of a number of biologically active peptides, including adrenocorticotropic hormone, alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone and beta-endorphin, which are released by the pituitary glands of fish as well as mammals. To quantify the levels of expression of the two POMC mRNAs relative to one another during the response(More)
Although hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) is involved in the stress response in all vertebrate groups, only a limited number of studies on this neuroendocrine peptide deals with non-mammalian neuroendocrine systems. We determined the cDNA sequence of the CRH precursor of the teleost Oreochromis mossambicus (tilapia) and studied the(More)
The biosynthetic machinery in the melanotrope cells of the Xenopus intermediate pituitary is primarily dedicated to the generation of proopiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived, melanophore-stimulating peptides. Transfer of the animal to a black background stimulates the production of these peptides and causes a dramatic increase in POMC mRNA levels. To identify(More)
In the pars intermedia of the pituitary gland of the amphibian Xenopus laevis the level of mRNA encoding proopiomelanocortin (POMC), the precursor protein for alpha-melanophore-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH), is shown to be dependent on physiological parameters. POMC mRNA levels in the pars intermedia of black-background-adapted Xenopus are much higher(More)
In the amphibian intermediate pituitary gland the biosynthetic activity for production of the precursor protein proopiomelanocortin (POMC) can be physiologically manipulated; POMC synthesis is high in animals adapted to a black background and low in white-adapted animals. In order to study genes associated with POMC gene expression we applied a differential(More)