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The considerable amount of time that medical students spend in clinical encounters with patients implies an expectation of many educators and clinicians, based on little reported research, that cognitive knowledge will increase as a result. In this study, 119 junior medical students were assigned to various paediatric subspecialty clinics. Using a(More)
The clinical skills of sophomore medical students at the University of Arkansas are being assessed through the use of the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). This exam was developed in order to better standardize the evaluation of practical clinical skills. The exam uses standardized patients, who are lay people trained to accurately and(More)
A quasi-experimental study was conducted to examine the effects of information about an impending threatening event (barium enema) on subjects' expectations and the intensity of their emotional response to the event. Twenty subjects were assigned to one of two information conditions: sensation of procedure. Prior to receiving any information, all subjects(More)
The Maternal-Infant Clinical Nurse Specialist Performance Evaluation Tool was used to evaluate the clinical performance of two classes of graduate students (n = 7, n = 4) enrolled in maternal-infant clinical practicums. When used by raters very familiar with the tool, i.e., those participating in its development, it yielded valid (.90) and reliable (.93)(More)