G J Bauerschmitz

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Eighteen patients with refractory and progressive solid tumors were treated with a single round of triple modified oncolytic adenovirus (Ad5/3-Cox2L-D24). Ad5/3-Cox2L-D24 is the first non-Coxsackie-adenovirus receptor-binding oncolytic adenovirus used in humans. Grades 1–2 flu-like symptoms, fever, and fatigue were seen in most patients, whereas(More)
Conditionally replicating adenoviruses (CRADs) take advantage of tumor-specific characteristics for preferential replication and subsequent oncolysis of cancer cells. The antitumor effect is determined by the capability to infect tumor cells. Here, we used RGDCRADcox-2R, which features the cyclooxygenase-2 promoter for replication control and an integrin(More)
Arming oncolytic adenoviruses with therapeutic transgenes and enhancing transduction of tumor cells are useful strategies for eradication of advanced tumor masses. Herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (TK) together with ganciclovir (GCV) has been promising when coupled with viruses featuring low oncolytic potential, but their utility is unknown in the(More)
The development of novel therapeutic strategies is imperative for the treatment of advanced cancers like ovarian cancer and glioma, which are resistant to most traditional treatment modalities. In this regard, adenoviral (Ad) cancer gene therapy is a promising approach. However, the gene delivery efficiency of human serotype 5 recombinant adenoviruses (Ad5)(More)
Oncolytic viruses kill cancer cells by tumor-selective replication. Clinical data have established the safety of the approach but also the need of improvements in potency. Efficacy of oncolysis is linked to effective infection of target cells and subsequent productive replication. Other variables include intratumoral barriers, access to target cells, uptake(More)
Whereas virotherapy has emerged as a novel and promising approach for neoplastic diseases, appropriate model systems have hampered preclinical evaluation of candidate conditionally replicative adenovirus agents (CRAds) with respect to liver toxicity. This is due to the inability of human viral agents to cross species. We have recently shown the human liver(More)
e16513 Background: Ovarian cancer (OC) is a leading cause of death from gynecologic malignancies. Oncolytic adenoviruses (CRAd) are a new approach for cancer treatment. In this study, we constructed a fiber-modified CRAd containing the multi drug resistance gene (mdr) 1 promoter to control viral replication (Ad5/3MDR1). Antineoplastic agents induce(More)
Adenovirus (Ad) targeting is a novel approach for the design and administration of therapeutic agents wherein the agent is rationally designed to localize and restrict transgene expression to the site of disease in a self-directed manner, usually via exploitation of unique biophysical and genetic properties specific to the diseased tissue. The ablation of(More)
Oncolytic adenoviruses have been safe in clinical trials but the efficacy has been mostly limited. All published trials have been performed with serotype 5 based viruses. The expression level of the Ad5 receptor CAR may be variable in advanced tumors. In contrast, the Ad3 receptor remains unclear, but is known to be abundantly expressed in most tumors.(More)
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