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Multifocal ERGs (MERGs) of 5 adult monkeys (Macaca mulatta) with inner retinal defects caused by laser-induced glaucoma were compared to MERGs from 3 monkeys with inner retinal activity suppressed pharmacologically. MERGs were recorded with DTL fiber electrodes from anesthetized monkeys. Stimuli consisted of 103 equal size hexagons within 17° of the fovea.(More)
PURPOSE The validity of clinical perimetry for evaluation of the pathology of glaucoma is based on correlated losses in retinal ganglion cells and visual sensitivity, but procedures to quantify neural losses from visual field defects have not been developed. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the neural and sensitivity losses from(More)
Inclusion body myositis is an inflammatory myopathy in which dysphagia has been considered a rare finding. However, recent literature finds dysphagia an increasingly common symptom as more cases of inclusion body myositis are identified. Unlike some inflammatory myopathic disorders, inclusion body myositis is resistant to treatment with corticosteroids, and(More)
BACKGROUND Multivitamin and mineral supplements are the most commonly used dietary supplements in the United States. PURPOSE To synthesize studies on the efficacy and safety of multivitamin/mineral supplement use in primary prevention of cancer and chronic disease in the general population. DATA SOURCES English-language literature search of the MEDLINE,(More)
Acoustic analyses of upper airway and phonatory stability were conducted on samples of sustained phonation to evaluate the relation between laryngeal and articulomotor stability for 31 patients with dysarthria and 12 non-dysarthric control subjects. Significantly higher values were found for the variability in fundamental frequency and format frequency of(More)
Persons with good recovery of function following their initial poliomyelitis are now, more than 30 years later, experiencing new weakness, fatigue, and muscle pain. The likelihood of muscle overuse being the cause of this late functional loss was investigated by dynamic electromyography (EMG) and foot-switch stride analysis in 34 symptomatic patients.(More)
BACKGROUND The periodic health evaluation (PHE) has been a fundamental part of medical practice for decades despite a lack of consensus on its value. PURPOSE To synthesize the evidence on benefits and harms of the PHE. DATA SOURCES Electronic searches of such databases as MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library, review of reference lists, and hand- searching(More)
For an optimal approach to surgical correction of scoliosis, it was deemed desirable to biomechanically simulate the set of corrective forces applied by alternative internal fixation systems, so as to determine and apply the internal fixation system producing the best correction under safe levels of forces applied by the fixation systems to the spinal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The introduction of capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) to this laboratory has highlighted discrepancies in albumin measured on an Abbott Aeroset by bromocresol green (BCG) and that calculated by CZE on the basis of total protein measured by Biuret. METHODS This study examined differences in albumin estimation by CZE, Abbott Aeroset BCG,(More)