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PURPOSE The validity of clinical perimetry for evaluation of the pathology of glaucoma is based on correlated losses in retinal ganglion cells and visual sensitivity, but procedures to quantify neural losses from visual field defects have not been developed. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the neural and sensitivity losses from(More)
Multifocal ERGs (MERGs) of 5 adult monkeys (Macaca mulatta) with inner retinal defects caused by laser-induced glaucoma were compared to MERGs from 3 monkeys with inner retinal activity suppressed pharmacologically. MERGs were recorded with DTL fiber electrodes from anesthetized monkeys. Stimuli consisted of 103 equal size hexagons within 17 degrees of the(More)
AIMS This study investigated the development of the fallopian canal with particular reference to the mode of ossification and dehiscences, sites of incomplete closure around the facial nerve. BACKGROUND The precise sequence of events surrounding ossification of the tissues around the facial nerve is uncertain. Incomplete ossification results in dehiscence(More)
BACKGROUND The periodic health evaluation (PHE) has been a fundamental part of medical practice for decades despite a lack of consensus on its value. PURPOSE To synthesize the evidence on benefits and harms of the PHE. DATA SOURCES Electronic searches of such databases as MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library, review of reference lists, and hand- searching(More)
PURPOSE Increased serum antibodies against heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) have been identified in patients with glaucoma. Immunization with HSP27 caused retinal ganglion cell (RGC) loss in animals. The authors analyzed whether HSP27 immunization not only causes RGC loss but also affects systemic antibody patterns. METHODS Rats were immunized with HSP27 and(More)
OBJECTIVES To review and synthesize published literature on the efficacy of multivitamin/mineral supplements and certain single nutrient supplements in the primary prevention of chronic disease in the general adult population, and on the safety of multivitamin/mineral supplements and certain single nutrient supplements, likely to be included in(More)
Acoustic analyses of upper airway and phonatory stability were conducted on samples of sustained phonation to evaluate the relation between laryngeal and articulomotor stability for 31 patients with dysarthria and 12 non-dysarthric control subjects. Significantly higher values were found for the variability in fundamental frequency and format frequency of(More)