G J B van Ommen

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The Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is a well-defined syndrome with facial abnormalities, broad thumbs, broad big toes and mental retardation as the main clinical features. Many patients with RTS have been shown to have breakpoints in, and microdeletions of, chromosome 16p13.3 (refs 4-8). Here we report that all these breakpoints are restricted to a region(More)
About 60% of both Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is due to deletions of the dystrophin gene. For cases with a deletion mutation, the "reading frame" hypothesis predicts that BMD patients produce a semifunctional, internally deleted dystrophin protein, whereas DMD patients produce a severely truncated protein that would(More)
We have studied 34 Becker and 160 Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) patients with the dystrophin cDNA, using conventional blots and FIGE analysis. One hundred twenty-eight mutations (65%) were found, 115 deletions and 13 duplications, of which 106 deletions and 11 duplications could be precisely mapped in relation to both the mRNA and the major and minor(More)
Currently available techniques used to recognize point mutations in genetic disease are time consuming and are capable of screening only small pieces of DNA. Moreover, they detect all sequence differences including phenotypically silent changes. Consequently, they are not convenient to analyse mutations in large, multi-exonic genes, where a large fraction(More)
Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a neuromuscular disorder characterized by progressive weakness of the facial, shoulder and upper arm muscles. The disease is associated with DNA rearrangements which are detectable using probe p13E-11 (D4F104S1) in DNA digested with EcoRI or other restriction enzymes. We have cloned and characterized the(More)
Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome (WHS) is a malformation syndrome associated with a hemizygous deletion of the distal short arm of chromosome 4 (4p16.3). The smallest region of overlap between WHS patients, the WHS critical region, has been confined to 165 kb, of which the complete sequence is known. We have identified and studied a 90 kb gene, designated as WHSC1(More)
Paragangliomas of the head and neck are slow growing tumors which rarely show malignant progression. Familial transmission has been described consistent with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance. Clinical manifestations of hereditary paragangliomas are determined by the sex of the transmitting parent. All affected individuals have inherited the disease(More)
Hereditary paragangliomas or glomus tumors are usually benign slow-growing tumors in the head and neck region. The inheritance pattern of hereditary paraganglioma is autosomal dominant with imprinting. Recently, we have identified the SDHD gene encoding subunit D of the mitochondrial respiratory chain complex II as one of the genes involved in hereditary(More)
To improve DNA resolution of fluorescence in situ hybridization we have adapted a nuclear extraction technique, resulting in highly extended DNA loops arranged around the nuclear matrix in a halo-like structure. In situ hybridization signals from alphoid and cosmid DNAs appear as beads-on-a-string, which, according to preliminary experiments, results from(More)
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is a malformation syndrome characterised by facial abnormalities, broad thumbs, broad big toes, and mental retardation. In a subset of RTS patients, microdeletions, translocations, and inversions involving chromosome band 16p13.3 can be detected. We have previously shown that disruption of the human CREB binding protein(More)