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Urotensin-II (U-II) is a vasoactive 'somatostatin-like' cyclic peptide which was originally isolated from fish spinal cords, and which has recently been cloned from man. Here we describe the identification of an orphan human G-protein-coupled receptor homologous to rat GPR14 and expressed predominantly in cardiovascular tissue, which functions as a U-II(More)
Prephenate dehydratase from Bacillus subtilis was found to exist in three states of aggregation. A high molecular weight (210,000) species was fully active and the catalytic activity was unaffected by the effectors methionine or phenylalanine. Low concentrations of phenylalanine caused dissociation to a Mr = 55,000 dimer. Heating to 32 degrees C also caused(More)
The mutliphasic kinetics that characterize the transport of many amino acids into Bacillus subtilis suggests a priori at least two mechanisms: (i) a tilis suggests a prior at least two independent transport processes, or (ii) a single, homogeneous system that might involve a negative cooperative mechanism. The highly specific transport system for L-tyrosine(More)
l-Tyrosine and l-phenylalanine enter cells of Bacillus subtilis via a system of active transport that exhibits complex kinetic behavior. The specificity of the transport system was characterized both at low concentrations of transport substrate (where affinity for l-tyrosine or l-phenylalanine is high but capacity is low) and at high concentrations (where(More)
Formation of the covalently stabilized complex of alpha 1-antitrypsin (alpha 1-AT) with neutrophil elastase, the archetype of serine proteinase inhibitor serpin-enzyme complexes, is associated with structural rearrangement of the alpha 1-AT molecule and hydrolysis of a reactive-site peptide bond. An approximately 4-kDa carboxyl-terminal cleavage fragment is(More)
High levels of active HIV-1 protease (PR) were produced in Escherichia coli, amounting to 8-10% of total cell protein. High production levels were achieved by altering the following parameters: (1) codon preference of the coding region, (2) A+T-richness at the 5' end of the coding region, and (3) promoter. To circumvent the toxicity of HIV-1 PR in E. coli,(More)