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Short 15 item scales are developed to measure three second-order factors found within the domain of inner experience, daydreaming, and fantasy encompassed by the Imaginal Processes Inventory. Scales are presented for Positive-Constructive Daydreaming, Guilt-Fear of Failure Daydreaming, and Poor Attentional Control. The measures are derived from a sequential(More)
A confirmatory, longitudinal design was used with a setwise partial canonical correlation methodology to determine whether indicators of a deviant adolescent peer culture contain information about the subsequent drug use beyond that which may be obtained from knowledge of present drug use and perceived sources of supply and support. Peer culture measures(More)
Women diagnosed with severe mental illness and substance abuse may face a variety of associated difficulties that require intervention, including other health-related problems, housing instability or homelessness, and a history of or current physical or sexual abuse. This article expands upon the concept of "level of burden" by specifically examining issues(More)
The competing simplex (involvement) and common factor models for youthful drug use are statistically compared using causal modeling with latent variables methods in a sample of 1,634 young adolescents. Latent variables of alcohol, marijuana, and other illicit drug use were confirmed and causally interconnected in a set of states. The confirmatory factor and(More)
Peer and adult models are known to exert strong influences on the initiation of adolescent drug use. In this study five hypotheses concerning the role of self-perceived availability of the two types of models at different times in adolescence were tested. The results indicate that maturation is accompanied by an increasing perception of adult and peer(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which subjects comprising substance use criterion groups (nonusers, alcohol only users, marijuana only users, polydrug users) could be differentiated on the basis of theoretically relevant personality and inner experience constructs. The test battery included variable from the domains of needs,(More)
The Transtheoretical, or Stages of Change Model, has been applied to the investigation of help-seeking related to a number of addictive behaviors. Overall, the model has shown to be very important in understanding the process of help-seeking. However, substance abuse rarely exists in isolation from other health, mental health, and social problems. The(More)