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The architecture of generative phonology brings with it a difficult challenge for any learner: underlying forms must be acquired at the same time as the phonology – the system of rules or constraint-rankings. Yet, each depends on the other, and neither is known in advance. If the learner had prior knowledge of the underlying forms, then the(More)
“I find your lack of faith disturbing.” – D.V., Star Wars, 1977 0.0 Introduction Truncative morphological operations have received considerable attention from generative morpho-phonologists of the past two decades. The primary locus of interest in such operations has been in so-termed templatic truncation, that involving—in as theory-neutral terms as(More)
The purpose of this report is to contribute to formal learning theory in Optimality Theory by providing an analysis of the problem posed by covert phonological interaction. Building on standard theories of syllable structure and metrical stress, we analyze a typological system in which regular processes of epenthesis interact in non-transparent ways with(More)
This report reexamines ‘conflicting directionality’ in Japanese mimetic words, a distributional pattern in which palatalization is preferentially realized on the rightmost of two coronal consonants, but on the leftmost consonant in a word without coronals. Analysis of the original dictionary evidence given in support of this generalization and an exhaustive(More)
The LoReHLT16 evaluation challenged participants to extract Situation Frames (SFs)—structured descriptions of humanitarian need situations—from monolingual Uyghur text. The ARIEL-CMU SF detector combines two classification paradigms, a manually curated keyword-spotting system and a machine learning classifier. These were applied by translating the models on(More)
In the Mon-Khmer language Katu (as spoken in the Lao P.D.R.; Costello 1998), nominalization is marked with a variety of forms at the leftmost periphery of the root word, and occasionally as a phonologically reduced infix, /-r-/, appearing in the coda of the initial syllable of the nominalized word. This paper will analyze the Katu case as an example of(More)
FOREWARD It is with great pleasure that we present the proceedings of the second Workshop on American Indigenous Languages c:wAIL '99). In continuing a tradition begun with the student discussion group on North American Indigenous Languages (NAIL), the evolving membership wishes to pay tribute to Marianne Mithun and Wallace Chafe for their consistent(More)