G. Herma Renkema

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The human chitinase, named chitotriosidase, is a member of family 18 of glycosylhydrolases. Following the cloning of the chitotriosidase cDNA (Boot, R. G., Renkema, G. H., Strijland, A., van Zonneveld, A. J., and Aerts, J. M. F. G. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 26252-26256), the gene and mRNA have been investigated. The chitotriosidase gene is assigned to(More)
Using exome sequencing, we identify SERAC1 mutations as the cause of MEGDEL syndrome, a recessive disorder of dystonia and deafness with Leigh-like syndrome, impaired oxidative phosphorylation and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. We localized SERAC1 at the interface between the mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum in the mitochondria-associated membrane(More)
In various mammals, enzymatically active and inactive members of family 18 glycosyl hydrolases, containing chitinases, have been identified. In man, chitotriosidase is the functional chitinolytic enzyme, whilst the homologous human cartilage 39-kDa glycoprotein (HC gp-39) does not exhibit chitinase activity and its function is unknown. This study(More)
Recently we noted (Hollak, C.E.M., van Weely, S., van Oers, M.H.J., and Aerts, J.M.F.G. (1994) J. Clin. Invest. 93, 1288-1292) that the clinical manifestation of Gaucher disease is associated with a several hundred-fold increase in chitotriosidase activity in plasma. We report on the purification and characterization of the protein. Two major isoforms of(More)
We have recently observed that chitotriosidase, a chitinolytic enzyme, is secreted by activated human macrophages and is markedly elevated in plasma of Gaucher disease patients (Hollak, C. E. M., van Weely, S., van Oers, M. H. J., and Aerts, J. M. F. G. (1994) J. Clin. Invest. 93, 1288-1292). Here, we report on the cloning of the corresponding cDNA. The(More)
Atherosclerosis is initiated by the infiltration of monocytes into the subendothelial space of the vessel wall and subsequent lipid accumulation of the activated macrophages. The molecular mechanisms involved in the anomalous behavior of macrophages in atherogenesis have only partially been disclosed. Chitotriosidase and human cartilage gp-39 (HC gp-39) are(More)
The existence of a non-lysosomal glucosylceramidase in human cells has been documented (van Weely, S., Brandsma, M., Strijland, A., Tager, J. M., and Aerts, J. M. F. G. (1993) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1181, 55-62). Hypothetically, the activity of this enzyme, which is localized near the cell surface, may influence ceramide-mediated signaling processes. To(More)
We have previously shown that a human picornavirus echovirus 1 (EV1) is transported to caveosomes during 2 h together with its receptor alpha2beta1 integrin. Here, we show that the majority of early uptake does not occur through caveolae. alpha2beta1 integrin, clustered by antibodies or by EV1 binding, is initially internalized from lipid rafts into(More)
The Nef protein of primate immunodeficiency viruses plays an important role in the pathogenesis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) [1] [2]. The interaction of Nef with the Nef-associated kinase (NAK) is one of the most conserved properties of different human and simian immunodeficiency virus (HIV and SIV) Nef alleles. The role of NAK association(More)
Chitotriosidase, the human analogue of chitinases from non-vertebrate species, has recently been identified. The macrophage-derived enzyme is remarkably heterogeneous in molecular mass and isoelectric point. The synthesis and modification of the enzyme in cultured macrophages is reported. Chitotriosidase is synthesized as a 50-kDa protein with a pI of about(More)