Learn More
The human chitinase, named chitotriosidase, is a member of family 18 of glycosylhydrolases. Following the cloning of the chitotriosidase cDNA (Boot, R. G., Renkema, G. H., Strijland, A., van Zonneveld, A. J., and Aerts, J. M. F. G. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 26252-26256), the gene and mRNA have been investigated. The chitotriosidase gene is assigned to(More)
Using exome sequencing, we identify SERAC1 mutations as the cause of MEGDEL syndrome, a recessive disorder of dystonia and deafness with Leigh-like syndrome, impaired oxidative phosphorylation and 3-methylglutaconic aciduria. We localized SERAC1 at the interface between the mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum in the mitochondria-associated membrane(More)
In various mammals, enzymatically active and inactive members of family 18 glycosyl hydrolases, containing chitinases, have been identified. In man, chitotriosidase is the functional chitinolytic enzyme, whilst the homologous human cartilage 39-kDa glycoprotein (HC gp-39) does not exhibit chitinase activity and its function is unknown. This study(More)
We have recently observed that chitotriosidase, a chitinolytic enzyme, is secreted by activated human macrophages and is markedly elevated in plasma of Gaucher disease patients (Hollak, C. E. M., van Weely, S., van Oers, M. H. J., and Aerts, J. M. F. G. (1994) J. Clin. Invest. 93, 1288-1292). Here, we report on the cloning of the corresponding cDNA. The(More)
Atherosclerosis is initiated by the infiltration of monocytes into the subendothelial space of the vessel wall and subsequent lipid accumulation of the activated macrophages. The molecular mechanisms involved in the anomalous behavior of macrophages in atherogenesis have only partially been disclosed. Chitotriosidase and human cartilage gp-39 (HC gp-39) are(More)
Recently we noted (Hollak, C.E.M., van Weely, S., van Oers, M.H.J., and Aerts, J.M.F.G. (1994) J. Clin. Invest. 93, 1288-1292) that the clinical manifestation of Gaucher disease is associated with a several hundred-fold increase in chitotriosidase activity in plasma. We report on the purification and characterization of the protein. Two major isoforms of(More)
The existence of a non-lysosomal glucosylceramidase in human cells has been documented (van Weely, S., Brandsma, M., Strijland, A., Tager, J. M., and Aerts, J. M. F. G. (1993) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1181, 55-62). Hypothetically, the activity of this enzyme, which is localized near the cell surface, may influence ceramide-mediated signaling processes. To(More)
Chitotriosidase, the human analogue of chitinases from non-vertebrate species, has recently been identified. The macrophage-derived enzyme is remarkably heterogeneous in molecular mass and isoelectric point. The synthesis and modification of the enzyme in cultured macrophages is reported. Chitotriosidase is synthesized as a 50-kDa protein with a pI of about(More)
We have determined the human genome to contain 296 different Src homology-3 (SH3) domains and cloned them into a phage-display vector. This provided a powerful and unbiased system for simultaneous assaying of the complete human SH3 proteome for the strongest binding to target proteins of interest, without the limitations posed by short linear peptide(More)
We have recently identified the Nef-associated serine-threonine kinase (NAK) as the p21-activated kinase 2 (PAK2). Here we have taken advantage of the possibility to manipulate the functional properties of NAK by transfecting PAK2 cDNA or its mutant derivatives in order to further characterize the Nef-NAK complex. To exclude the possibility that some Nef(More)