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A panel of 90 myelin basic protein (MBP)-specific T-cell lines were derived from peripheral blood of eight patients with multiple sclerosis and four normal subjects. The precursor frequency of MBP-reactive T cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells ranged from 10(-7) to 9 x 10(-7) (mean, 6.7 x 10(-7)) in the group of patients with multiple sclerosis and(More)
The proteolipid proteins (PLP and DM20) are major constituents of CNS myelin, but how they are delivered to and organized within the oligodendrocyte plasma membrane is incompletely understood. We have expressed both PLP and DM20 singly or together in a host cell line, HeLa. In either DM20 or PLP transfectants, at early time points (24 hours), the expressed(More)
The V beta 8 CDR2 consensus peptide, residues 44-54, is highly effective in the treatment of clinical experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in Lewis rats. To monitor immunological changes during EAE resulting from TCR peptide therapy, the frequencies of encephalitogenic and regulatory T cells were quantitated in lymph nodes, blood, and spinal(More)
Considerable evidence is mounting to support the concept of a modulatory role for the brain and neuroendocrine system on the immune response. This neuroimmunomodulation occurs in part through the interaction of specific neurosubstances with receptors on lymphocytes and monocytes. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a neuronotrophic factor necessary for the(More)
T cells expressing the alpha beta T-cell receptor (TCR) for antigen can elicit anti-idiotypic antibodies specific for the TCR that regulate T-cell function. Defined sequences of the TCR, however, have not been used to elicit specific antibodies and the role of cellular immunity directed against TCR determinants has not been studied. We immunized Lewis rats(More)
The goal of this study was to delineate the importance of blood T lymphocyte responses to several myelin basic protein (MBP) preparations in the ultimate selection of MBP-specific T lymphocyte lines. Proliferation responses to human myelin basic protein (MBP) were assessed in blood samples from 27 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, 20 patients with other(More)
T lymphocyte lines and clones selected from Lewis rats immunized with guinea pig basic protein (GP-BP) proliferate and acquire the ability to transfer experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) after activation by the 68-88 peptide of GP-BP in concert with autologous I-A major histocompatibility antigens. In order to evaluate the amino acid sequence(More)
The major encephalitogenic epitope for Lewis rats is the 72-89 sequence of guinea pig basic protein (GP-BP) or rat basic protein (Rt-BP). T cells responsive to this epitope are I-A restricted and preferentially express the V alpha 2:V beta 8 gene combination in their TCR. In this work, we describe for the first time the delayed appearance of T cells(More)
Because of its proximity to the central nervous system, the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) represents an important source of T cells that potentially could mediate putative autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). To overcome the low CSF cellularity, we evaluated culture conditions that could expand CSF T cells, with a focus on the expression of(More)
T cell sensitization to two myelin components, myelin basic protein (MBP) and myelin proteolipid protein (PLP), may be important to the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Using the limiting dilution assay, we demonstrated that the blood of MS patients had an increased frequency of MBP-reactive T cells compared with normal subjects and patients with(More)