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In the present study, the second nuclear internal transcribed spacer (ITS-2) rDNA of Schistosoma japonicum isolates in mainland China was amplified, sequenced, and assessed for inferring the intra- and inter-species phylogenetic relationships of trematodes in the order Strigeata. The fragment containing ITS-2 rDNA was obtained from 24 S. japonicum isolates(More)
In the present study, a total of 20 nematode isolates, (including 10 male and 10 female worms) representing Baylisascaris schroederi from 5 Qinling subspecies of giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) in Shaanxi Province of China, were characterized and grouped genetically by the first internal transcribed spacer (ITS-1) of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA). The(More)
Techniques based on the frequency-response masking (FRM) approach are known to be highly effective for reducing the number of multipliers and adders in linear-phase finite-impulse response (FIR) filters. The basic FRM structure comprises a band-edge shaping filter and two masking filters. It is observed that the impulse response of the band-edge shaping(More)
Giardia duodenalis and Enterocytozoon bieneusi are two common protozoa that parasitize the intestinal epithelium of animals and humans. Calves have been identified as important reservoirs of these two pathogens, but limited data is available for these two pathogens in calves in China. In the present study, the prevalence and assemblages/genotypes of both(More)
Cryptosporidium parvum commonly inhabits the intestinal tract of animals and humans and can cause acute watery diarrhea and weight loss. However, host immune responses to Cryptosporidium infections are not fully understood. IL-17 (also called IL-17A) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine of Th17 cells that plays a role in the host response to Cryptosporidium(More)
Layered Li(Ni<inf>0.5-x</inf>Al<inf>2x</inf>Mn<inf>0.5-x</inf>)O<inf>2</inf> (x=0 and 0.1) (Mn/Ni = 1) were synthesized by sol-gel method using citric acid as a chelating agent. The Structure, electrochemical properties of prepared cathode materials were measured by means of X-ray diffraction, cyclic voltammetry, galvanostatic charge-discharge test and AC(More)
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