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Research in autophagy continues to accelerate,(1) and as a result many new scientists are entering the field. Accordingly, it is important to establish a standard set of criteria for monitoring macroautophagy in different organisms. Recent reviews have described the range of assays that have been used for this purpose.(2,3) There are many useful and(More)
Fbw7 is a ubiquitin-ligase that targets several oncoproteins for proteolysis, but the full range of Fbw7 substrates is not known. Here we show that by performing quantitative proteomics combined with degron motif searches, we effectively screened for a more complete set of Fbw7 targets. We identify 89 putative Fbw7 substrates, including several(More)
Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the etiological agent of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL), whereas the highly related HTLV-2 is not associated with ATL or other cancers. In addition to ATL leukemogenesis, studies of the HTLV viruses also provide an exceptional model for understanding basic pathogenic mechanisms of virus-host(More)
The canonical Wnt signaling pathway (or Wnt/β-catenin pathway) plays a pivotal role in embryonic development and adult homeostasis; deregulation of the Wnt pathway contributes to the initiation and progression of human diseases including cancer. Despite its importance in human biology and disease, how regulation of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway is achieved(More)
The regulation of hepatic P450s has been the focus of numerous studies because of the importance of these proteins in endocrinology, oncology, and toxicology, as well as drug development. Considerable evidence exists demonstrating that many hepatic P450s are regulated by developmental, sex, or hormonal factors in addition to receptors that interact with(More)
Activation of the NF-κB transcription factors by the viral protein Tax plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of diseases associated with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I). The Tax oncoprotein undergoes constitutive K63-linked ubiquitination and sumoylation; however, the roles and molecular mechanisms of these post-translational modifications(More)
BACKGROUND The fragile histidine triad (FHIT) gene at chromosome 3p14.2 has been proposed to be a candidate tumor suppressor gene in human cancers. To test whether FHIT exhibits the functional properties of a tumor suppressor gene, we studied the expression of its protein (pFHIT) in human carcinoma cells and examined the ability of FHIT to inhibit the(More)
Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) is generally believed to be pro-tumorigenic. Here we report a tumor-suppressive function for NF-κB1, the prototypical member of NF-κB. While NF-κB1 downregulation is associated with high lung cancer risk in humans and poor patient survival, NF-κB1-deficient mice are more vulnerable to lung tumorigenesis induced by the smoke(More)
Although the mechanisms by which the HTLV-I Tax oncoprotein activates the two NF-B signaling pathways have been well studied, there is still no convincing evidence demonstrating a functional role for NF-B in the Tax-mediated tumorigenesis or HTLV-I-mediated adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). Moreover, how Tax is negatively regulated by cellular factors(More)
PDLIM2 is essential for the termination of the inflammatory transcription factors NF-κB and STAT but is dispensable for the development of immune cells and immune tissues/organs. Currently, it remains unknown whether and how PDLIM2 is involved in physiologic and pathogenic processes. Here we report that naive PDLIM2 deficient CD4+ T cells were prone to(More)