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AIMS To characterize bacterial populations and their activities within a microbial fuel cell (MFC), using cultivation-independent and cultivation approaches. METHODS AND RESULTS Electron microscopic observations showed that the fuel cell electrode had a microbial biofilm attached to its surface with loosely associated microbial clumps. Bacterial 16S rRNA(More)
The recombinant plasmid (pJAI), harbouring the agarase gene (pjaA) of Pseudomonas sp. W7, was introduced and expressed in Escherichia coli JM83. The agarase was purified using a combination of acetone precipitation and anion-exchange, gel-filtration and affinity chromatographies, with overall yield of 10% from the culture supernatant of E. coli JM83 (pJAI).(More)
The structural gene (vmhA) of hemolysin from Vibrio mimicus (ATCC33653) was cloned and sequenced. The vmhA gene contains an open reading frame consisting of 2232 nucleotides which can code for a protein of 744 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 83,059. The similarity of amino acid sequence shows 81.6% identity with Vibrio cholerae El Tor(More)
AIMS The isolation and identification of a glucose-oxidizing Fe(III)-reducing bacteria (FRB) with electrochemical activity from an anoxic environment, and characterization of the role of Fe(III) in its metabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS A Gram-positive (Firmicutes), nonmotile, coccoid and facultative anaerobic FRB was isolated based on its ability to reduce(More)
CONTEXT Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) is defined as resistance toward parathyroid hormones. PHP and pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism (PPHP) are rare disorders resulting from genetic and epigenetic aberrations within or upstream of the GNAS locus. This study investigated the clinical characteristics and performed a molecular analysis of PHP and PPHP. (More)
The replacement of heme iron by cobalt or nickel in a putative oxygen sensor is supposed to reduce oxygen binding to the heme protein, resulting in HIF-1 activation and erythropoietin (EPO) induction. According to this hypothesis, zinc might be another example of a transition metal which is capable of stimulating EPO production. By substituting for heme(More)
Cadmium is a substantial industrial and environmental pollutant which seriously impairs erythropoiesis. Cd has been demonstrated to aggravate anemia by suppressing erythropoietin gene expression in anemic patients. As hypoxic induction of erythropoietin mRNA depends on a transcription factor, hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1), we hypothesized that Cd(More)
Two cDNAs sequences (1320 bp and 1180 bp) of the 55-kDa subunit associated with a testis-specific serine/threonine protein phosphatase 1gamma2 (PP1gamma2) were cloned. They were the same up to 1180 bp, suggesting that they may be generated by alternative splicing. Sequence studies showed that the 1320 bp-cDNA is a homolog of the human sds22alpha(1) (thus,(More)
The vmc gene encoding a metalloprotease of Vibrio mimicus (ATCC 33653) was cloned in Escherichia coli and sequenced. The vmc gene contained 1884 nt sequence which codes a polypeptide of 628 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of 71,275 Da. The deduced amino acid sequence had the similarity of 68.5% with V. parahaemolyticus metalloprotease. The(More)
Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency is caused by inactivating mutations in the CYP21A2 gene. This paper reports on the mutation spectrum and the genotype-phenotype correlation of 21-hydroxylase deficiency. 72 unrelated patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) were included. Molecular analysis of CYP21A2 was performed, via the multiplex(More)