G. H. Beemer

Learn More
A variable rate infusion regimen, designed to rapidly achieve and maintain a target arterial concentration (CT) of 100 micrograms.L-1 of alfentanil, was developed using the method of Plasma Drug Efflux. This method uses a series of clearance values (Ep), calculated as the ratio of instantaneous infusion rate/arterial plasma drug concentration normalized to(More)
We have assessed, in 200 patients, the determinants of the reversal time of competitive neuromuscular block by anticholinesterase when alcuronium and atracurium neuromuscular block were antagonized by neostigmine 0.04 and 0.08 mg kg-1 and edrophonium 0.5 and 1.0 mg kg-1. A biexponential relationship was found between the reversal time (time from injection(More)
To determine which factors influenced the pharmacodynamics of atracurium in clinical practice, the steady-state plasma concentration of atracurium for 90% paralysis (Cpss90) was measured in 100 adult patients. Neuromuscular block was maintained at 88%-92% of the control response by adjusting the target concentration being delivered by preprogrammed(More)
A multicentre prospective surveillance study was undertaken to compare the incidence and severity of adverse reactions attributed to atracurium and alcuronium. Clinical manifestations were used by the anaesthetist to diagnose an adverse reaction (a cutaneous reaction, a greater than 20% change in arterial pressure or heart rate, and bronchospasm). Of the(More)
We have assessed in 20 patients the accuracy and precision of an infusion profile for atracurium, which continually set the infusion rate to maintain stable muscle paralysis and a target steady state plasma concentration, when equilibrium between the biophase and plasma had occurred. Muscle paralysis was stable after 20 min, with a mean absolute drift in(More)
To determine factors that influenced the clearance (Cl) of atracurium, 80 adult patients of varying body build were given an atracurium infusion according to a predetermined profile, which was scaled by lean body mass (LBM). Cl was estimated at 50-60 min by the constant infusion rate required to maintain the steady-state plasma concentrations. The efficacy(More)
BACKGROUND The inability of edrophonium to rapidly reverse a deep nondepolarizing neuromuscular block may be due to inadequate dosage or a ceiling effect to antagonism of neuromuscular block by edrophonium. A ceiling effect means that only a certain level of neuromuscular block could be antagonized by edrophonium. Neuromuscular block greater than this could(More)
Twenty patients were given maximal doses of atracurium or vecuronium by infusion during surgery. Anaesthesia was maintained with an infusion of thiopentone, nitrous oxide and fentanyl. In patients administered atracurium, the plasma laudanosine concentration at cessation of surgery was 0.34 (SD 0.22) micrograms ml-1; there was little tendency to cumulate(More)
The effect of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) on plasma concentration and protein binding of alfentanil was studied during continuous infusions in five cardiac surgical patients. Patients were given a loading infusion of 10 µg·min−1·kg−1 lean body mass (LBM) over 30 s followed by a fixed rate maintenance infusion of 1 µg·min−1·kg−1 LBM for the duration of(More)
For normal anaesthetic practice, monitoring of neuromuscular blockade is best performed by stimulation of the ulnar nerve at the wrist with a peripheral nerve stimulator and evaluation of the response of the thumb. Determination of the initial threshold for stimulation in the awake patient to allow estimation of the current required for supramaximal(More)