G. Gugliotta

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Nilotinib has a higher binding affinity and selectivity for BCR-ABL with respect to imatinib and is an effective treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) after imatinib failure. In a phase 2 study, 73 early chronic-phase, untreated, Ph(+) CML patients, received nilotinib at a dose of 400 mg twice daily. The primary endpoint was the complete cytogenetic(More)
In chronic myeloid leukemia and Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia, tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy may select for drug-resistant BCR-ABL mutants. We used an ultra-deep sequencing (UDS) approach to resolve qualitatively and quantitatively the complexity of mutated populations surviving TKIs and to investigate their clonal(More)
Dasatinib and nilotinib are tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) developed to overcome imatinib resistance in Philadelphia-positive leukemias. To assess how Bcr-Abl kinase domain mutation status evolves during sequential therapy with these TKIs and which mutations may further develop and impair their efficacy, we monitored the mutation status of 95(More)
Variant Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome translocations have been reported in 5%-10% of patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Variant translocations may involve one or more chromosomes in addition to 9 and 22, and can be generated by 2 different mechanisms, 1-step and 2-step rearrangements, as revealed by fluorescence in situ(More)
The first treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) included spleen x-radiation and conventional drugs, mainly Busulfan and Hydroxyurea. This therapy improved the quality of life during the chronic phase of the disease, without preventing nor significantly delaying the progression towards advanced phases. The introduction of allogeneic stem cell(More)
Several guidelines and recommendations on the management of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) have been prepared by several scientific societies. The European LeukemiaNet (ELN) appointed a panel of experts who submitted their recommendations to peer-reviewed scientific journals in 2006, 2009, and 2013. Here, we make a critical review of the last, 2013, ELN(More)
Imatinib is the standard front-line therapy of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML). The evaluation of the response is based on blood counts and differential (haematologic response, HR), on the examination of marrow cell metaphases (cytogenetic response, CgR) and on a quantitative assessment of BCR-ABL transcripts level (molecular response, MolR). An optimal(More)
Additional chromosomal abnormalities (ACAs) in Philadelphia-positive cells have been reported in ∼ 5% of patients with newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in chronic phase (CP). Few studies addressing the prognostic significance of baseline ACAs in patients treated with imatinib have been published previously. The European LeukemiaNet(More)
For almost 10 years imatinib has been the therapeutic standard of chronic myeloid leukemia. The introduction of other tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) raised a debate on treatment optimization. The debate is still heated: some studies have protocol restrictions or limited follow-up; in other studies, some relevant data are missing. The aim of this report(More)
Prior to imatinib (IM) introduction, an orally taken tyrosine kinase inhibitor, older age was associated to a worse outcome (lower response rates and lower longterm survival), regardless of the treatment used (busulfan, hydroxyurea, interferon alpha), basically, for unknown reasons. It can be speculated that, with interferon, the reason of an inferior(More)