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The structural characterization of the O- and N-glycan structures of three different commercially available recombinant human erythropoietins (rhEPOs) is represented by means of a microscale sample purification using ZipTip technology and MALDI-TOF and MALDI low-energy CID MS. Glycopeptides were released from rhEPO samples by a differential endoproteolytic(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO), a glycoprotein hormone, stimulates the growth of red blood cells and as a consequence it increases tissue oxygenation. This performance enhancing effect is responsible for the ban of erythropioetin in sports since 1990. Especially its recombinant synthesis led to the abuse of this hormone, predominatly in endurance sports. The(More)
Our experiments show that it is possible to detect different types of recombinant human erythropoietins (rhEPOs), EPO-alpha, EPO-beta and novel erythropoesis stimulating protein (NESP), based on exact molecular weight (MW) determination by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) applying a high-resolution time-of-flight(More)
A software has been developed that is aimed at quantitative analysis of images acquired by isoelectric focusing and double blotting procedures used for recombinant erythropoietin doping control. It represents a unified and easy-to-use tool for Epo doping experts in WADA accredited laboratories. It is based on image segmentation philosophy that enables(More)
Dried blood spot (DBS) sampling, a technique for whole blood sampling on a piece of filter paper, has more than 50-years tradition, particularly in the diagnostic analysis of metabolic disorders in neonatal screening. Due to the minimal invasiveness, straightforwardness, robustness against manipulation and fastness DBS sampling recommends itself as an(More)
A screening method to determine the binding behavior of lectins toward recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) was developed. Twenty-three different lectins were tested for this purpose. rHuEPO isoforms were separated by isoelectric focusing using the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) accredited method for the(More)
In the present study, the content of a number of black market testosterone products collected in Austria has been analyzed. Additionally, (13) C/(12) C ratios were measured for testosterone in the products after cleavage of the testosterone ester. The aim was to determine whether some of these products had similar (13) C/(12) C ratios to those normally(More)
The detection of an intact ester of testosterone in plasma is leading towards unequivocal proof of the administration of exogenous testosterone. In the current study, a sensitive screening method for the detection of nine testosterone esters in human plasma was developed. By preparing oxime derivatives of intact testosterone esters, the sensitivity of the(More)
The software system GASepo has been developed as a tool to visualise and analyse doping (searching for performance-enhancing drugs in sports) with recombinant erythropoietin (rEpo). Digital images derived from the separation of Epo isoforms in gels by iso-electric focusing followed by double blotting and chemiluminescence detection contain spots (bands) of(More)
The final tournament of the UEFA European Football Championship is one of the top sporting events in the world, and a high-profile event of this kind requires a well-planned and well-executed anti-doping programme to ensure the integrity of results in the competition. UEFA EURO 2012 presented a unique logistical challenge, with the tournament spread across(More)