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The structural characterization of the O- and N-glycan structures of three different commercially available recombinant human erythropoietins (rhEPOs) is represented by means of a microscale sample purification using ZipTip technology and MALDI-TOF and MALDI low-energy CID MS. Glycopeptides were released from rhEPO samples by a differential endoproteolytic(More)
Our experiments show that it is possible to detect different types of recombinant human erythropoietins (rhEPOs), EPO-alpha, EPO-beta and novel erythropoesis stimulating protein (NESP), based on exact molecular weight (MW) determination by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) applying a high-resolution time-of-flight(More)
A screening method to determine the binding behavior of lectins toward recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) was developed. Twenty-three different lectins were tested for this purpose. rHuEPO isoforms were separated by isoelectric focusing using the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) accredited method for the(More)
A software has been developed that is aimed at quantitative analysis of images acquired by isoelectric focusing and double blotting procedures used for recombinant erythropoietin doping control. It represents a unified and easy-to-use tool for Epo doping experts in WADA accredited laboratories. It is based on image segmentation philosophy that enables(More)
The software system GASepo has been developed as a tool to visualise and analyse doping (searching for performance-enhancing drugs in sports) with recombinant erythropoietin (rEpo). Digital images derived from the separation of Epo isoforms in gels by iso-electric focusing followed by double blotting and chemiluminescence detection contain spots (bands) of(More)
The final tournament of the UEFA European Football Championship is one of the top sporting events in the world, and a high-profile event of this kind requires a well-planned and well-executed anti-doping programme to ensure the integrity of results in the competition. UEFA EURO 2012 presented a unique logistical challenge, with the tournament spread across(More)
Erythropoietin (EPO), a glycoprotein hormone, stimulates the growth of red blood cells and as a consequence it increases tissue oxygenation. This performance enhancing effect is responsible for the ban of erythropioetin in sports since 1990. Especially its recombinant synthesis led to the abuse of this hormone, predominatly in endurance sports. The(More)
Big sports events like the 2008 European Football Championship are a challenge for anti-doping activities, particularly when the sports event is hosted by two different countries and there are two laboratories accredited by the World Anti-Doping Agency. This challenges the logistics of sample collection as well as the chemical analyses, which must be(More)
In the present study, the content of a number of black market testosterone products collected in Austria has been analyzed. Additionally, (13) C/(12) C ratios were measured for testosterone in the products after cleavage of the testosterone ester. The aim was to determine whether some of these products had similar (13) C/(12) C ratios to those normally(More)