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Cellular lamellipodia bind to the matrix and probe its rigidity through forces generated by rearward F-actin transport. Cells respond to matrix rigidity by moving toward more rigid matrices using an unknown mechanism. In spreading and migrating cells we find local periodic contractions of lamellipodia that depend on matrix rigidity, fibronectin binding and(More)
The spatiotemporal organization of neurotransmitter receptors in postsynaptic membranes is a fundamental determinant of synaptic transmission and information processing by the brain. Using four independent super-resolution light imaging methods and EM of genetically tagged and endogenous receptors, we show that, in rat hippocampal neurons, AMPARs are often(More)
Mechanical forces on matrix-integrin-cytoskeleton linkages are crucial for cell viability, morphology and organ function. The production of force depends on the molecular connections from extracellular-matrix-integrin complexes to the cytoskeleton. The minimal matrix complex causing integrin-cytoskeleton connections is a trimer of fibronectin's(More)
We have monitored active movements of the cell circumference on specifically coated substrates for a variety of cells including mouse embryonic fibroblasts and T cells, as well as wing disk cells from fruit flies. Despite having different functions and being from multiple phyla, these cell types share a common spatiotemporal pattern in their normal membrane(More)
1. Epidemiological studies have suggested that moderate consumption of natural dietary polyphenolic compounds might reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and also protect against cancer. The present study investigates the effects of delphinidin, an anthocyanin present in red wine, on bovine aortic endothelial cells apoptosis. 2. Based on flow cytometry,(More)
Cell motility proceeds by cycles of edge protrusion, adhesion, and retraction. Whether these functions are coordinated by biochemical or biomechanical processes is unknown. We find that myosin II pulls the rear of the lamellipodial actin network, causing upward bending, edge retraction, and initiation of new adhesion sites. The network then separates from(More)
Cell forces define cell morphology, alterations in which are caused by tyrosine kinase and phosphatase mutations, which implies a causal linkage. Recent studies have shown that phosphotyrosine signaling is involved in force sensing for cells on flat surfaces. Early force-dependent activation of Src family kinases by phosphatases or cytoskeleton stretch(More)
Versatile superresolution imaging methods, able to give dynamic information of endogenous molecules at high density, are still lacking in biological science. Here, superresolved images and diffusion maps of membrane proteins are obtained on living cells. The method consists of recording thousands of single-molecule trajectories that appear sequentially on a(More)
Nonmuscle myosin IIA (NMM-IIA) is involved in the formation of focal adhesions and neurite retraction. However, the role of NMM-IIA in these functions remains largely unknown. Using RNA interference as a tool to decrease NMM-IIA expression, we have found that NMM-IIA is the major myosin involved in traction force generation and retrograde F-actin flow in(More)
When mouse embryonic fibroblasts in suspension contact a matrix-coated surface, they rapidly adhere and spread. Using total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy of dye-loaded fibroblasts to quantify cell-substrate contact, we found that increasing the surface matrix density resulted in faster spreading initiation whereas lamellipodial dynamics during(More)