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The ability of methyllycaconitine (MLA) to inhibit the binding of [125I]alpha-bungarotoxin to rat brain membranes, frog and human muscle extracts and the human muscle cell line TE671 has been measured. MLA showed a markedly higher affinity for the rat brain site (Ki 1.4 x 10(-9) M) than for the muscle receptors (Ki 10(-5)-10(-6) M). Structure modelling(More)
The fast-acting ligand-gated ion channels (LGICs) constitute a group that encompasses nicotinic ACh, 5-HT3, GABAA and glycine receptors. Undoubtedly, they all share a common evolutionary ancestor, and the group can therefore be considered to be a gene superfamily. Because the members of the superfamily are all receptors, it is reasonable to suppose that(More)
The effects of the nicotinic agonist (+)-anatoxin-a have been examined in four different preparations, representing at least two classes of neuronal nicotinic receptors. (+)-Anatoxin-a was most potent (EC50 = 48 nM) in stimulating 86Rb+ influx into M10 cells, which express the nicotinic receptor subtype comprising alpha 4 and beta 2 subunits. A presynaptic(More)
The effects of MK-801 [( +]-5-methyl-10,11-dihydro-5H-di-benzo[a, d]cyclohepten-5,10-imine) on peripheral and central nicotinic receptors were studied using electrophysiological and biochemical techniques. MK-801 depressed the peak amplitude and accelerated the decay of end-plate currents. The drug (1-10 microM) decreased the frequency of activation of(More)
We report the isolation and sequence of a cDNA clone that encodes a locust (Schistocerca gregaria) nervous system nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AChR) subunit (alpha L1). The calculated molecular weight of the unglycosylated polypeptide, which contains in the proposed extracellular domain two adjacent cysteine residues which are characteristic of alpha(More)
We have modelled the transmembrane region of the alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor as a mixed alpha-helical/beta-sheet structure. The model was mainly based on the crystal structure of a pore-forming toxin, heat-labile enterotoxin. This is a pentameric protein having a central pore or channel composed of five alpha-helices, one from each of the 5 B(More)
Specific high-affinity binding sites for 125I-alpha-bungarotoxin and (-)-[3H]nicotine have been measured in rat brain and locust (Schistocerca gregaria) ganglia. The binding sites for 125I-alpha-bungarotoxin had similar Kd values of 1.5 x 10(-9) and 0.8 x 10(-9) M for rat and locust preparations, respectively; the corresponding values for the(More)
Presynaptic nicotinic acetylcholine receptors on striatal nerve terminals modulate the release of dopamine. We have compared the effects of a number of nicotinic agonists and antagonists on a perfused synaptosome preparation preloaded with [3H]dopamine. (-)-Nicotine, acetylcholine, and the nicotinic agonists cytisine and 1,1-dimethyl-4-phenylpiperazinium(More)