G G Garcia-vargas

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Relationships between alterations in the profile of urinary arsenic (As) species and the presence of cutaneous signs of arsenicism were studied in Region Lagunera, Mexico. The use of urinary concentrations of putative substrates and products of the As metabolism pathway, as indicators of metabolic efficiency is also discussed. Arsenic was determined by(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have suggested an effect of high arsenic concentration on cognitive and neurobehavioral function in humans. OBJECTIVE Our goal was to identify demographic and nutritional factors that are associated with As exposure and the influence of this exposure on cognitive function in school-age children. METHODS We recruited 602(More)
Chronic exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) has been associated with increased risk of various forms of cancer and of noncancerous diseases. Metabolic conversions of iAs that yield highly toxic and genotoxic methylarsonite (MAsIII) and dimethylarsinite (DMAsIII) may play a significant role in determining the extent and character of toxic and(More)
Prenatal exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) is detrimental to the health of newborns and increases the risk of disease development later in life. Here we examined a subset of newborn cord blood leukocyte samples collected from subjects enrolled in the Biomarkers of Exposure to ARsenic (BEAR) pregnancy cohort in Gómez Palacio, Mexico, who were exposed to a(More)
Large interindividual variability in urinary arsenic profiles, following chronic inorganic arsenic exposure, is well-known in humans. To understand this variability, we studied the relationship between polymorphisms in the gene for human monomethylarsonic acid (MMA(V)) reductase/hGSTO1 and the urinary arsenic profiles of individuals chronically exposed to(More)
We evaluated environmental-lead (Pb) effects on semen quality and sperm chromatin, considering Pb in seminal fluid (PbSF), spermatozoa (PbSpz), and blood (PbB) as exposure biomarkers in urban men (9.3 microg/dL PbB). Several individuals (44%) showed decreases in sperm quality; sperm concentration, motility, morphology and viability associated negatively(More)
Exposure to naturally occurring inorganic arsenic (iAs), primarily from contaminated drinking water, is considered one of the top environmental health threats worldwide. Arsenic (+3 oxidation state) methyltransferase (AS3MT) is the key enzyme in the biotransformation pathway of iAs. AS3MT catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosyl-L-methionine(More)
The cytogenetic effects of arsenic exposure were studied among rural populations that live in the same geographical area and have similar socioeconomic status, but different degree of exposure to inorganic arsenic (As) via drinking water. A group of inhabitants of Santa Ana (408.17 micrograms/l of As in drinking water) were considered the exposed(More)
In the search for early biological markers to detect genetic damage, a pilot study on a hydroarsenicism-exposed group was designed. Blood and urine samples were taken from 11 individuals chronically exposed and from 13 individuals with lower exposure to the metal. Lymphocyte cultures for cytogenetic studies and HGPRT assay were done with coded peripheral(More)
BACKGROUND Human exposures to inorganic arsenic (iAs) have been linked to an increased risk of diabetes mellitus. Recent laboratory studies showed that methylated trivalent metabolites of iAs may play key roles in the diabetogenic effects of iAs. Our study examined associations between chronic exposure to iAs in drinking water, metabolism of iAs, and(More)