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We studied in vitro the antiplatelet activity of a new nitroderivative chemically related to acetylsalicylic acid: 2 acetoxybenzoate 2-[1-nitroxy-methyl]-phenyl ester (NCX 4016), in order to identify any effects due to the release of nitric oxide and the blockade of cyclo-oxygenase. The effects of scalar doses of NCX 4016 on the early phase of platelet(More)
We developed a colorimetric assay estimating the radical-scavenging activity of human plasma. The test is based on a measure, in 96-well microplates at 450 nm, of the bleaching of carotenoid crocin by peroxyl radicals generated during thermal decomposition of 2, 2'-azobis-(2-amidinopopane) dihydrochloride (ABAP). The inhibition of this bleaching is a(More)
A procedure for the determination of the adhesion of human platelets to protein-coated culture microwells was developed. The number of platelets was quantitated by measuring the activity of acid phosphatase, a platelet enzyme whose activity is stable independently of platelet stimulation and is not released. Isolated and washed platelets were incubated in(More)
We recently described a stimulatory effect of high doses (> 100 mumol/L) diclofenac on platelet adhesion. In this study we extend our research to the possible biochemical mechanisms of the observed effects, to other non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (flurbiprofen, indomethacin, acetylsalicylic acid, ibuprofen, nitrofenac and nitroflurbiprofen)(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate platelet function in patients with essential hypertension by sensitive methods investigating platelet adhesion and expression of some platelet glycoproteins (GP), namely GPIIb/IIIa (CD41/alpha 2 beta 3) and GMP-140 (CD62/P-selectin/PADGEM). Other markers of platelet (beta-thromboglobulin) and endothelium activation (von Willebrand(More)
The membrane complex alpha(IIb)beta(3) is the major receptor for fibrinogen and is involved in platelet adhesion and aggregation. Evidence has been presented that the Pl(A2) allele of the beta(3) Pl(A1/A2) gene polymorphism might be an independent risk factor for coronary thrombosis, but the matter is still controversial. We investigated the relationship(More)
Human neutrophils were isolated both from peripheral blood (PB) and from aseptic inflammatory exudates obtained by the Senn's skin window technique (SW). The respiratory burst (O2- production) induced by in response to n-formyl-methionyl-lencyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) and by serum-treated zymosan (STZ) was investigated using a microplate assay. SW neutrophils(More)
F2-isoprostanes are prostaglandin (PG) isomers produced in vivo through free radical-catalyzed peroxidation of arachidonic acid, which may affect platelet function. The current study investigated the effects of 8-epiprostaglandin F2alpha (8-epi-PGF2alpha) on critical events of platelet activation. A dose-dependent increase in platelet adhesion to(More)
The effect of two non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on the adhesion function of human platelets was evaluated. Platelets isolated from healthy human subjects were treated for 10 min with the indicated drugs and then incubated in fibrinogen-coated microwell plates in the absence or in the presence of ADP (10 microM) and thrombin (0.05 U/ml). After 1 h of(More)
A significant portion of the traditional concepts of homeopathy (similia principle, experimentation on healthy humans, the cure of whole person, the use of minimum doses or high dilution/potency of medicines) are amenable to investigations conducted according to criteria accepted by biomedical science. Even though many randomized and controlled clinical(More)