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This study was performed to determine if QT prolongation before and during early exercise is related to the occurrence of exercise-induced ventricular arrhythmias (EIVA). EIVA occurred in 47 of 142 patients with angiographic evidence of coronary artery disease (CAD); no EIVA occurred among the 22 patients without CAD (OV). Resting QTc and QT intervals(More)
We examined the effects of beta-blockers on the associations between heart rate and number of premature ventricular beats (PVBs) and on heart rate variability and myocardial ischemia in patients with coronary heart disease. After 2 weeks of run-in placebo treatment, 18 patients with coronary artery disease were randomized to a 7-day treatment with either(More)
Low-to-high frequency ratio (LF/HF) is an indirect index of sympathovagal balance derived by heart rate spectral analysis. We investigated the effect of glucose ingestion on LF/HF in 17 healthy, normotensive young subjects (9 male, 8 female) with a wide body fat content range (body fat = 29 +/- 5.9%; range = 19-42%) and a normal thyroid hormone status.(More)
Left ventricular diastolic filling by Doppler echocardiography was investigated in 84 diabetic patients without evidence of heart disease and in 84 normotensive nondiabetic age- and sex-matched control subjects. Diabetic patients were subdivided into two groups on the basis of the presence of arterial hypertension. Group 1 comprised 41 normotensive diabetic(More)
BACKGROUND A reduction in the relative lymphocyte count is a marker of the stress response; however, its prognostic value remains undetermined. The objective of this study was to investigate the predictive value of the relative lymphocyte count for survival in elderly patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS One thousand two(More)
Elderly healthy individuals have a reduced exercise tolerance and a decreased left ventricle inotropic reserve related to increased vascular afterload, arterial-ventricular load mismatching, physical deconditioning and impaired autonomic regulation (the so called "β-adrenergic desensitization"). Adrenergic responsiveness is altered with aging and the(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of magnesium levels on 3-year survival in the elderly with congestive heart failure (CHF) admitted to the Rehabilitative Cardiology Unit of S. Maugeri Foundation Scientific Institute of Telese/Campoli. All elderly patients > or = 65 years old with a diagnosis of CHF underwent clinical and instrumental(More)
Fifteen patients with angiographic evidence of significant coronary artery disease, exertional myocardial ischemia, and positive dipyridamole echocardiographic test results at basal conditions and after 7 days of placebo treatment were prospectively studied to see whether captopril (containing sulfhydryl) and enalapril (nonsulfhydryl) modify myocardial(More)
Our aim was to develop and validate a new diagnostic tool for congestive heart failure (CHF) based only on clinical examination, medical history and current drug use. In the developmental phase, we enrolled 520 consecutive patients with heart disease of different etiology; the diagnosis of CHF was made by means of Smith's clinical and radiological criteria,(More)
The adrenergic system plays a central role in stress signaling and stress is often associated with increased production of ROS. However, ROS overproduction generates oxidative stress, that occurs in response to several stressors. β-adrenergic signaling is markedly attenuated in conditions such as heart failure, with downregulation and desensitization of the(More)