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RATIONALE The antipsychotic drug, olanzapine, often induces weight gain and glucose metabolism disturbances, which may result from feeding pattern abnormalities. OBJECTIVES The objectives of the study were to examine the effects of a chronic olanzapine treatment on feeding patterns in the rat and to investigate a potential time-related association between(More)
The aim of this work was to study the evolution of rat food choice in relation to their age and metabolic parameters. Eighty Wistar rats were studied from birth to 13 weeks of age. At weaning, six litters were fed on a macronutrient self-selecting diet and four on a standard diet. In self-selecting males, protein intake was maximal at Week 7 of age and then(More)
N-acetyl-muramyl-L-alanine-D-isoglutamine or muramyl dipeptide (MDP) is the minimally active subunit of bacterial peptidoglycan. During a systemic infection, the involvement of MDP has been demonstrated in food intake depression by the macrophage hydrolysis of Gram-positive bacteria. Under normal conditions, mammals are constantly exposed to the release of(More)
Our objective was to study the relationship between the satiety induced by high-protein meals and the activation of brain areas involved in the onset of satiety. In rats, we used immunohistochemistry to monitor brain centers activated by a meal by receiving information from the gastrointestinal tract or via humoral pathways. In the nucleus of the solitary(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of bovine Phe-caseinomacropeptide (Phe-CMP) in the rat after oral administration. This polypeptide was monophosphorylated and mainly nonglycosylated: Phe-CMP-1P. During gastrointestinal digestion and absorption, Phe-CMP-1P was degraded. Intact Phe-CMP-1P and CMP-1P were rapidly released from the(More)
Rats are able to choose appropriately between two versions of a novel diet, when one is amino-acid devoid and the other corrected. Recognition of the deficiency has been reported to occur within hours and to initiate a strong conditioned aversion. For that purpose the rat can use either oro-sensory cues or another alternative as the conditioned stimulus(More)
Acute mild stress induces an inhibition of food intake in rats. In most studies, the cumulative daily food intake is measured but this only provides a quantitative assessment of ingestive behavior. The present study was designed to analyze the reduction in food intake induced by acute stress and to understand which behavioral and central mechanisms are(More)
The present study investigates the effects of acute stress (15 min of swimming/day for three consecutive days) applied at the onset of the dark phase, just before the usual feeding time, on energy intake and more specifically on macronutrient selection, in male and female Wistar rats. The influence of stress regarding corticosterone and insulin kinetics was(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize further the effects of loads of protein versus carbohydrate on subsequent food intake in rats. We used an intraoral cannula to deliver isoenergetic isovolumic loads, in a tightly controlled time frame allowing for both metabolic responses and orosensory components of the load. Our results showed that the gluten(More)
The present review summarises current knowledge and recent findings on the modulation of appetite by dietary protein, via both peripheral and central mechanisms. Of the three macronutrients, proteins are recognised as the strongest inhibitor of food intake. The well-recognised poor palatability of proteins is not the principal mechanism explaining the(More)