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The factors involved in the depression of food intake produced by a high-protein diet are still poorly understood. The aim of this study was to assess the role of several preingestive or preabsorptive factors likely to influence food intake when rats were fed ad libitum. Food intake was measured after modifying the composition of the high-protein diet,(More)
RATIONALE The antipsychotic drug, olanzapine, often induces weight gain and glucose metabolism disturbances, which may result from feeding pattern abnormalities. OBJECTIVES The objectives of the study were to examine the effects of a chronic olanzapine treatment on feeding patterns in the rat and to investigate a potential time-related association between(More)
During digestion, macronutrients are sensed within the small intestine. This sensory process is dependent upon the action of gut mediators, such as cholecystokinin (CCK) or serotonin (5-HT), on vagal afferents that, in turn, convey peripheral information to the brain to influence the control of food intake. Recent studies have suggested that dietary(More)
The aim of this work was to study the evolution of rat food choice in relation to their age and metabolic parameters. Eighty Wistar rats were studied from birth to 13 weeks of age. At weaning, six litters were fed on a macronutrient self-selecting diet and four on a standard diet. In self-selecting males, protein intake was maximal at Week 7 of age and then(More)
N-acetyl-muramyl-L-alanine-D-isoglutamine or muramyl dipeptide (MDP) is the minimally active subunit of bacterial peptidoglycan. During a systemic infection, the involvement of MDP has been demonstrated in food intake depression by the macrophage hydrolysis of Gram-positive bacteria. Under normal conditions, mammals are constantly exposed to the release of(More)
In order to determine the respective roles of conditioned food aversion, satiety and palatability, we studied behavioral responses to a 50% total milk protein diet, compared with those to a normal protein diet containing 14% total milk protein. Different paradigms were employed, including meal pattern analysis, two-choice testing, flavor testing, a(More)
Our objective was to study the relationship between the satiety induced by high-protein meals and the activation of brain areas involved in the onset of satiety. In rats, we used immunohistochemistry to monitor brain centers activated by a meal by receiving information from the gastrointestinal tract or via humoral pathways. In the nucleus of the solitary(More)
Transition from a normal- (NP) to a high-protein (HP) diet induces a rapid depression in food intake and a progressive but incomplete return to the initial intake during the succeeding days. The aim of this study was to determine which CNS regions are involved in the HP diet-induced satiety in rats. Brains were collected from 3 groups of adult rats after(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics of bovine Phe-caseinomacropeptide (Phe-CMP) in the rat after oral administration. This polypeptide was monophosphorylated and mainly nonglycosylated: Phe-CMP-1P. During gastrointestinal digestion and absorption, Phe-CMP-1P was degraded. Intact Phe-CMP-1P and CMP-1P were rapidly released from the(More)
Acute mild stress induces an inhibition of food intake in rats. In most studies, the cumulative daily food intake is measured but this only provides a quantitative assessment of ingestive behavior. The present study was designed to analyze the reduction in food intake induced by acute stress and to understand which behavioral and central mechanisms are(More)