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Experiments with rabbits demonstrated no toxic effects on the retina after vitrectomy when the infusion fluid contained either 20 microgram/ml chloramphenicol saline, 10 microgram/ml amikacin saline, 10 microgram/ml tobramycin saline, or 10 microgram/ml clindamycin saline. We found abnormal electroretinograms and abnormal histologic findings in eyes(More)
PURPOSE Clinical evaluation of cystoid macular edema (CME), known to occur in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP), is based on the presence of vascular leakage on fluorescein angiography. Due to an inability to quantitatively assess retinal thickening, the degree of thickening from fluid accumulation and its relation to fluorescein dye leakage into the(More)
OBJECTIVE Clinical outcomes in individuals with new onset diabetes after transplantation (NODAT) and the optimal treatment for this complication are poorly characterized. This study was intended to better define these issues. METHODS Patients who underwent kidney transplantation and did not have diabetes prior to transplantation were included in the(More)
Purpose—19 To evaluate the presence of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) defects in patients with XLRS using high speed, high resolution, Fourier domain OCT (FD-OCT). Methods—Twenty four patients with XLRS seen by the authors were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent a complete eye examination. FD-OCT was performed using Optovue technology. A(More)
Data on risk factors for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in diabetic patients are scarce. Recently, it has been shown that metformin increases the Bacteroidetes/Firmicutes ratio; therefore, it may yield a protective effect against CDI. We aimed to assess risk factors for CDI in diabetic patients beyond antibiotic treatment, and to determine the impact(More)
A single intravitreal dose of 750 micrograms 5 fluorouracil (5 FU) or 5 micrograms doxorubicin were nontoxic to primate eyes. A concentration of 250 micrograms/ml of 5 FU in the vitrectomy infusion fluid in combination with 8 micrograms/ml of thiotepa, with 40 micrograms/ml of VP16 (etoposide), or with either .04 or .02 microgram/ml of vincristine was also(More)
Ocular toxic effects of intravitreal injection of cephaloridine in rabbits was evaluated, and none were produced in doses of 0.25 mg or less. Clinically, intravitreal injection of cephaloridine in doses of 5 mg or more produced small punctate hemorrhages in the vascularized portions of the rabbit retina within two days. With doses of 2.5 mg or less, no(More)
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