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Small eye (Sey) in mouse is a semidominant mutation which in the homozygous condition results in the complete lack of eyes and nasal primordia. On the basis of comparative mapping studies and on phenotypic similarities, Sey has been suggested to be homologous to congenital aniridia (lack of iris) in human. A candidate gene for the aniridia (AN) locus at(More)
The product of the Wilms' tumor gene, WT1, is essential for male sex determination and differentiation in mammals. In addition to causing Wilms' tumor, mutations in WT1 often cause two distinct but overlapping urogenital defects in men, Denys-Drash syndrome and Frasier syndrome. In this study we investigated the regulation of the sex determination gene SRY(More)
Leukemic cells from seventy patients with various types of human leukemias were examined for expression of the WT1 gene, the Wilms' tumor gene located at chromosome 11p13. WT1 was expressed in 7 of 16 cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 15 of 22 with acute myelogenous leukemia and 8 of 10 in blast crisis of chronic myelogenous leukemia. No detectable WT1(More)
PAX6 is a transcription factor with two DNA-binding domains (paired box and homeobox) and a proline-serine-threonine (PST)-rich transactivation domain. PAX6 regulates eye development in animals ranging from jellyfish to Drosophila to humans. Heterozygous mutations in the human PAX6 gene result in various phenotypes, including aniridia, Peter's anomaly,(More)
PAX6 is essential for ocular morphogenesis. Mutations in the PAX6 gene produce various phenotypes, including aniridia, Peters' anomaly, foveal hypoplasia, autosomal dominant keratitis and congenital cataracts. PAX6 functions as a transcription factor and has two DNA binding domains (a paired domain and a homeodomain) which are joined by a linker, and a(More)
A clone containing the complete human glucagon gene was isolated and sequenced. The gene is approximately 9.4 kilobases in length and comprises six exons and five introns. The putative preproglucagon encoded by this gene, 180 amino acids in length and containing glucagon and two glucagon-like peptides, is very similar to that of other mammalian species(More)
The Wilms' tumor gene, WT1, is expressed in few tissues, mainly the developing kidney, genitourinary system, and mesothelium, and in immature hematopoietic cells. To develop an understanding of the role of WT1 in development and tumorigenesis, we have identified transcriptional regulatory elements that function in transient reporter gene constructs(More)
hPL is a member of an evolutionarily related gene family including hGH and hPRL. Expression of hPL is limited to the placenta but its physiological actions are far reaching. hPL has a direct somatotropic effect on fetal tissues, it alters maternal carbohydrate and lipid metabolism to provide for fetal nutrient requirements, and aids in stimulation of(More)
Expression of the Wilms' tumor gene WT1 is tightly regulated throughout development. In contrast, the WT1 promoter is promiscuous, functioning in all cell lines tested. We have cloned a transcriptional silencer that is involved in regulation of the WT1 gene. The transcriptional silencer is located in the third intron of the WT1 gene, approximately 12(More)
A series of gene probes for chromosome 11 has been used to study the genetic events associated with the development of Wilms tumor. Examination of DNA samples from five patients with Wilms tumor in whom the tumors showed loss of chromosome 11 alleles and their parents indicate that alleles lost in the tumors are of maternal origin. These data suggest that(More)