Learn More
Maternal antibodies are transferred from hens to the chicks via the egg. To gain insight into maternal antibody transfer and endogenous production of antibodies in broiler chicks, total IgY, IgA, IgM, as well as anti-Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and anti-infectious bronchitis (IBV) antibody levels were examined in the dams' plasma, egg yolks, egg whites,(More)
Phosphorylated mannans derived from the yeast cell wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae may beneficially modulate immune function in the weanling pig, possibly providing an alternative to the use of dietary growth-promoting antibiotics. Therefore, in this study, 32 pigs averaging 19 d of age and 5.7 +/- 0.2 kg initial BW were randomly assigned to 16 pens in an(More)
To gain insight into the immunomodulatory effects of vitamin E (VE), immune cell population analyses were conducted using thymus and spleen from male broilers fed diets with various levels of VE supplementation (0, 17, 46, and 87 mg dl-alpha-tocopherol acetate/kg of feed). At 2 and 7 wk of age, the percentages of B cells, macrophages, and T cell subsets,(More)
White striping is a condition associated with heavier broiler breast fillets and is observed grossly as white striations seen parallel to the direction of the muscle fibers. The present study was intended to assess the consumer acceptance of broiler fillets with different degrees of white striping condition. High resolution digital images of fillets,(More)
To better understand immune development and function in meat-type chickens (broilers), the proportions of T-cells expressing CD4, CD8, and T-cell receptors (TCR) in the thymus and spleen were determined by three-color fluorescence and flow cytometry in 2- and 7-week old broilers raised in commercial growing conditions. Broiler thymocytes consisted of(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a Gram-negative bacteria cell wall component that activates monocytes and macrophages to produce nitric oxide (NO) from inducible nitric oxide synthase. Nitric oxide production in the plasma of chickens peaks 5-6-h post-i.v. LPS injection reflecting iNOS activation. To determine monocyte responsiveness after an i.v. LPS(More)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) syndrome in broilers (also known as ascites syndrome and pulmonary hypertension syndrome) can be attributed to imbalances between cardiac output and the anatomical capacity of the pulmonary vasculature to accommodate ever-increasing rates of blood flow, as well as to an inappropriately elevated tone (degree of(More)
A label-free electrochemical impedance immunosensor for rapid detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7 was developed by immobilizing anti-E. coli antibodies onto an indium-tin oxide interdigitated array (IDA) microelectrode. Based on the general electronic equivalent model of an electrochemical cell and the behavior of the IDA microelectrode, an equivalent(More)
Intravenously injected micro-particles become trapped within the pulmonary vasculature where they increase the resistance to blood flow and trigger pulmonary hypertension. We tested the hypothesis that i.v. micro-particle injections can be used to trigger acute (24 to 48 h) post-injection mortality in broilers having the most limited pulmonary vascular(More)
At time of weaning, the immune system in piglets is not fully mature resulting in reduced growth and increased mortality. Early-weaned pigs transported to a segregated early weaning (SEW) facility have enhanced performance and gut development compared to conventional (CONV) pigs which may be due, in part, to decreased pathogen challenge. To gain further(More)