Learn More
This study examined the association of diabetes with the onset of dementia (including Alzheimer's disease (AD), vascular dementia (VD) and any dementia) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) by using a quantitative meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. EMBASE and MEDLINE were searched for articles published up to December 2010. All studies that examined the(More)
The 70 kDa mycobacterial heat shock protein (Mtb HSP70) stimulates mononuclear cells to release CC-chemokines. We now show that this function of Mtb HSP70, but not human HSP70, is dependent on the cell surface expression of CD40. Deletion of the CD40 cytoplasmic tail abolished, and CD40 antibody inhibited, Mtb HSP70 stimulation of CC-chemokine release. Mtb(More)
Activation of CD40 is essential for thymus-dependent humoral immune responses and rescuing B cells from apoptosis. Many of the effects of CD40 are believed to be achieved through altered gene expression. In addition to Bcl-x, a known CD40-regulated antiapoptotic molecule, we identified a related antiapoptotic molecule, A1/Bfl-1, as a CD40-inducible gene.(More)
Curcuma longa L. (turmeric) has been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine as a treatment for mental disorders including depression. The studies described here were undertaken to determine the behavioral, neurochemical and neuroendocrine effects of the ethanolic extract from Curcuma longa using the forced swimming test (FST) in male ICR strain(More)
We describe a new signal mediator of NF-kappaB activation, TANK, that acts in a pathway common to two surface receptors CD40 and TNFR II. TRAF family members interact directly with these receptors. Using the yeast two-hybrid system, TANK was identified as an intracellular protein without previous homologs that interacts with all three known TRAF family(More)
Many Src Homology 3 (SH3) domains function as molecular adhesives in intracellular signal transduction. Based on previous ultrastructural studies, short motifs which bind to the first SH3 domains of the adapters Crk and CRKL were selectively mutagenised to generate Crk/CRKL SH3-binding peptides of very high affinity and selectivity. Affinities were(More)
This study examined the effects of selective activation of kappa 1-opioid receptors on excitatory transmission in substantia gelatinosa (SG) using intracellular recordings from SG neurons in transverse slices of the young rat lumbar spinal cord. Monosynaptic and polysynaptic excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) were evoked by orthodromic electrical(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and simian immunodeficiency virus Nef proteins contain a conserved motif with the minimal consensus (PxxP) site for Src homology region 3 (SH3)-mediated protein-protein interactions. Nef PxxP motifs show specific binding to biotinylated SH3 domains of Hck and Lyn, but not to those of other tested Src family kinases or less(More)
Impulses in primary afferent nerve fibers may produce short- or long-lasting modifications in spinal nociception. Here we have identified a robust long-term depression (LTD) of synaptic transmission in substantia gelatinosa neurons that can be induced by low-frequency stimulation of primary afferent Adelta-fibers. Synaptic transmission between dorsal root(More)
Five resveratrol tetramers, amurensins I-M, were isolated from the roots of Vitis amurensis (Rupr.), together with five known resveratrol tetramers, (+)-hopeaphenol, isohopeaphenol, vitisin A, (+)-vitisifuran A, and heyneanol A. Their structures and stereochemistry were determined by chemical and spectroscopic methods, especially by use of 2D NMR analysis.(More)