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Mitochondrial accumulation and respiratory inhibition are critical steps in the actions of N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+), the toxic metabolite of the parkinsonism-inducing agent, N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine. We examined the respiratory characteristics of 2-methylated beta-carbolines (2-Me beta Cs) and 2-methylated(More)
Potentially endogenous beta-carboline and 3,4-dihydro-beta-carboline alkaloidal compounds were compared, generally as 2-methylated (quaternary) and normethylated pairs, to the neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenyl-dihydropyridinium ion (MPP+), with respect to inhibition of [3H]dopamine uptake into rat striatal synaptosomal preparations. Although less potent than(More)
Chronic administration (21 days) of haloperidol (HAL) (IP, 1.0 mg/kg/day) induced a behavioral supersensitivity (stereotypic sniffing) to dopamine (DA) agonists (apomorphine) and upregulation (increased Bmax for sulpiride-inhibitable [3H]spiroperidol binding) of striatal and limbic D2 DA receptors (DAr). Coadministration of cyclo(leucyl-glycyl) (CLG;(More)
Methylated beta-carboline compounds are mammalian indole metabolites that we have proposed to be endogenous neurotoxins due to their structural similarity to MPP+, the active oxidized product of the dopaminergic toxin, N-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP). Several laboratories have demonstrated that MPP+ administration into the substantia(More)
The administration of dopaminergic drugs induces a variety of compensatory responses ostensibly designed to reinstate normal dopamine (DA) tone. We have hypothesized that drug-induced alterations in striatal-derived neurotrophic activity contributes to these compensatory processes. This phenomenon has been studied by examining the growth of mesencephalic(More)
Amphetamine (A) (9.2 mg/kg, IP), in combination with iprindole (I) (10.0 mg/kg, IP), caused long-lasting dopamine (DA) depletions in striatum (-49%, 4 weeks) but not in nucleus accumbens following one A/I injection. Striatal DA had recovered by 4 months. DA receptors (DAr) were up-regulated: 1) behavioral responses to a DA receptor agonist (apomorphine)(More)
Because of substantial evidence for the hyperdopaminergic hypothesis of tardive dyskinesia (TD), animal models, especially rats, treated chronically with neuroleptics continue to be used to study this disorder. The rat model has been criticized because, unlike TD, in rats there is an apparent lack of spontaneous abnormal movements even when striatal D2(More)
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