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Steady spatial self-organization of three-dimensional chemical reaction-diffusion systems is discussed with the emphasis put on the possible defects that may alter the Turing patterns. It is shown that one of the stable defects of a three-dimensional lamellar Turing structure is a twist grain boundary embedding a Scherk minimal surface.
Attractive Bose-Einstein condensates are investigated with numerical continuation methods capturing stationary solutions of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. The branches of stable (elliptic) and unstable (hyperbolic) solutions are found to meet at a critical particle number through a generic Hamiltonian saddle node bifurcation. The condensate decay rates… (More)
The paper investigates a chemical reaction-diffusion model in an open flow system. It is shown that such a system may, with particular boundary conditions, exhibit stationary space-periodic structures even in the case of equal diffusion coefficients. This is confirmed through numerical simulations.
We describe the formation of spatial structures generated by diffusive instabilities in bistable systems. The coupling between the different spatial modes emanating from the two homogeneous steady states can then give rise to self-parametric instabilities favoring the occurrence of resonant rhombic or quasiperiodic structures such as superlattices or… (More)
Standing-wave patterns observed in the CO + O2 reaction on Pt(110) are described by a model that explicitly takes into account the coupling between the transport of adsorbed CO and the adsorbate-induced structural transformation of the substrate. We show that synchronization of the surface is achieved through nucleation and growth processes even in the… (More)
The emergence, growth and stabilization of stationary concentration patterns in a chemical reaction-diffusion system are studied by numerical simulations of the Lengyel-Epstein model. This model represents a key to understanding the recently obtained Turing structures in the chlorite-iodide-malonicacid system.
Spatial ordering has been observed recently during various photochemical reactions. Convoluted concentration bands first appear near the surface of shallow irradiated solutions. They thereafter extend into the bulk, and finger-like structures spontaneously develop. We discuss here the possible role of double-diffusion effects in the onset of this… (More)
We investigate the phenomenon of spatial multistability of fronts in thin bistable systems and stress the important role played by the absence of a variational principle. Nonvariational effects allow, for instance, two different immobilized fronts to coexist. The morphological instability of the corresponding nucleating solution can then lead, even in the… (More)