Learn More
Both vanadate and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) are known to have insulin-mimetic effects. We previously reported that the mixture of vanadate plus H2O2 results in the generation of a peroxide(s) of vanadate, which strongly enhances IGF-II binding to rat adipocytes (Kadota et al., 1987b). We now report that pervanadate mimics insulin in isolated rat adipocytes(More)
Autophosphorylation of the insulin receptor on tyrosine residues and activation of the endogenous insulin receptor kinase is postulated to be a critical step in the mechanism of action of insulin. To investigate this hypothesis, the insulin-mimicking effects of vanadate (sodium orthovanadate) and H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide) alone and in combination were(More)
The actions of insulin, vanadate (V) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on IGF-II binding and insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity were studied in rat adipocytes. Incubating adipocytes with a combination of V plus H2O2 resulted in a potent synergistic effect on both the increase in IGF-II binding and the activation of the insulin receptor kinase. Catalase,(More)
Vanadate, a protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor, preserves insulin-stimulated lipogenesis after removal of insulin. To investigate the mechanism of this action of vanadate, lipogenesis was studied in isolated rat adipocytes exposed to vanadate for 60 min followed by insulin for 15 min at 37 degrees C. Vanadate (10-50 microM) prolonged insulin-stimulated(More)
A number of vanadium compounds (vanadate, vanadyl sulfate, metavanadate) have insulin-mimicking actions bothin vitro andin vivo. They have multiple biological effects in cultured cells and interact directly with various enzymes. The inhibitory action on phosphoprotein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) and enhancement of cellular tyrosine phosphorylation appear(More)
Vanadate has been documented to inhibit tyrosine phosphatase activity and to have insulin-mimetic effects. However, oral administration to hypoinsulinemic diabetic rats in vivo lowers blood glucose at serum concentrations of vanadate that have minimal insulin-like effects in vitro. We, therefore, investigated the effect of low concentrations of vanadate on(More)
The vascular effects of isoproterenol and nitroprusside were evaluated in the perfused hind limbs of age-matched normotensive Wistar (NW) and spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats. The vasodilating effects of these two compounds were assessed in the presence of concentrations of noradrenaline sufficient to raise the basal perfusion pressure to 85--110 mmHg.(More)
  • 1