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1. To address the question of whether endotoxaemia could be involved in the inflammatory response induced by long-term strenuous exercise, 18 male marathon runners [mean age 41 +/- 2 (SEM) years] were studied. Their performance in the marathon ranged from 2 h 46 min to 4 h 42 min. 2. Four venous blood samples were drawn: at rest, just before the race(More)
In the horse, the inflammation response to various pathologies (intestinal strangulations, laminitis, etc.) involves an excessive stimulation of the polymorphonuclear neutrophils releasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) and myeloperoxidase (MPO). The aim of the present work was to study the effect of natural polyphenols, curcuminoids and(More)
Hyperhydricity is a physiological disorder frequently affecting shoots vegetatively propagated in vitro. Hyperhydric shoots are characterised by a translucent aspect due to a chlorophyll deficiency, a not very developed cell wall and a high water content. Hyperhydricity of Prunus avium shoots was expressed in vitro in one multiplication cycle by replacing(More)
Abelmoschus esculentus (Malvaceae), Hibiscus acetosella (Malvaceae), Manihot esculenta Crantz (Euphorbiaceae) and Pteridium aquilinum (Dennstaedtiaceae) leaves are currently consumed as vegetables by migrants from sub-Saharan Africa living in Western Europe and by the people in the origin countries, where these plants are also used in the folk medicine.(More)
To examine whether endotoxaemia accompanying long-term, strenuous physical exercise is involved in exercise-induced increase in plasma tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) concentration and polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) activation, 14 male recreational athletes [mean age 28 (SEM 1) years] were studied. Exercise consisted of a 1.5-km river swim, a 40-km(More)
To address the question of whether the increased plasma concentration of interleukin 6 (IL-6) following strenuous muscular work could be related to exercise-induced muscle damage, 5 moderately active male volunteers underwent two isokinetic exercise sessions in the eccentric mode, separated by a period of 3 weeks during which the subjects underwent five(More)
To address the question of whether translocation of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) into the blood could be involved in the process of exercise-induced polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) activation, 12 healthy male subjects who took part in a sprint triathlon (1.5 km river swim, 40 km bicycle race, 10 km road race) were studied. While there was no(More)
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a pro-oxidant enzyme involved in inflammation, and the measurement of its activity in biological samples has emerged essential for laboratory and clinical investigations. We will describe a new method which combines the SIEFED (specific immunological extraction followed by enzymatic detection) and ELISA (ELISAcb) techniques to(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the balance between trypsin and protease inhibitors simultaneously in the systemic circulation and in the thoracic lymph and peritoneal exudate. METHODS Twenty patients with early severe acute pancreatitis were studied. Enzymatically active and immunoreactive trypsin in conjunction with its major inhibitors were measured in the 3(More)
We investigated the antioxidant activities of some phenolic acid derivatives on a cell free system and on cellular and enzymatic models involved in inflammation. The stoichiometric antioxidant activities of phenolic acid derivatives were studied by measuring their capacity to scavenge the radical cation 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic(More)