G. D. Guthrie

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The unprecedented nature of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill required the application of research methods to estimate the rate at which oil was escaping from the well in the deep sea, its disposition after it entered the ocean, and total reservoir depletion. Here, we review what advances were made in scientific understanding of quantification of flow rates(More)
It has been recognized since at least as early as the mid-1500s that inhaled minerals (i.e., inorganic particles) can pose a risk. Extensive research has focused on the biological mechanisms responsible for asbestos- and silica-induced diseases, but much less attention has been paid to the mineralogical properties and geochemical mechanisms that might(More)
In this paperwe describe CO2-PENS, a comprehensive system-level computational model for performance assessment of geologic sequestration of CO2. CO2-PENS is designed to perform probabilistic simulations of CO2 capture, transport, and injection in different geologic reservoirs. Additionally, the long-term fate of CO2 injected in geologic formations,(More)
Numerous aspects of silica polymorphs can affect their biological activities, including periodic structures, compositional variations, dissolution characteristics, surface properties, and particle size and shape. For an understanding of mineral-induced pathogenesis from a mechanistic perspective, the links between these properties and biochemical processes(More)
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) have become the primary health concern for most countries around the world. Currently, more than 36 million people worldwide die from NCDs each year, accounting for 63% of annual global deaths; most are preventable. The global financial burden of NCDs is staggering, with an estimated 2010 global cost of $6.3 trillion (US(More)
1. The cleavage of sulphasalazine at the azo bond by bacterial suspensions and tissue homogenates has been studied in vitro. 2. For maximum activity the azo reductase system requires anaerobic conditions and the presence of cofactors, namely NADPH and FAD. In this respect, sulphasalazine resembles other azo dyes. 3. Under optimum conditions all the species(More)
One concern regarding unconventional hydrocarbon production from organic-rich shale is that hydraulic fracture stimulation could create pathways that allow injected fluids and deep brines from the target formation or adjacent units to migrate upward into shallow drinking water aquifers. This study presents Sr isotope and geochemical data from a(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations using classical force fields were carried out to study energetic and structural properties of rotationally disordered clay mineral-water-CO2 systems at pressure and temperature relevant to geological carbon storage. The simulations show that turbostratic stacking of hydrated Na- and Ca-montmorillonite and hydrated(More)
Sequestration of CO2 in geologic reservoirs is one of the promising technologies currently being explored to mitigate anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Large-scale deployment of geologic sequestration will require seals with a cumulative area amounting to hundreds of square kilometers per year and will require a large number of sequestration sites. We are(More)