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Heme iron out-of-plane displacement following ligand dissociation in hemoglobin, myoglobin, and the proximal cavity mutant H93G is shown to be as rapid as the heme iron out-of-plane vibrational period by sub-picosecond time-resolved resonance Raman spectroscopy. The results demonstrate that the effect of steric repulsion initiated by the spin change of the(More)
5-Fluorodeoxycytidine (FdCyd) was incorporated into a synthetic DNA polymer containing the GCGC recognition sequence of HhaI methylase to give a polymer with about 80% FdCyd. In the absence of AdoMet, poly(FdC-dG) bound competitively with respect to poly(dG-dC) (Ki = 3 nM). In the presence of AdoMet, the analogue caused a time-dependent, first-order (k =(More)
The p-aminophenyl gamma-ester of 7-methylguanosine 5'-triphosphate (m7GTP) was synthesized and coupled to Sepharose 4B. A 0.5 M salt extract of rabbit reticulocyte ribosomes was passed over a column containing the affinity medium. After extensive washing, a solution of m7GTP was passed through the column, and a single polypeptide species of 24 kilodaltons(More)
The covalently bound prosthetic group of lactoperoxidase (LPO) has been obtained by hydrolysis of the protein and identified as a dihydroxylated heme. A baculovirus expression system has been developed for LPO and used to obtain protein in which the heme is only partially covalently bound. Reaction of the purified heme. apoLPO complex with H2O2 results in(More)
Recombinant cytochrome c peroxidase (CcP) and a W51A mutant of CcP, in contrast to other classical peroxidases, react with phenylhydrazine to give sigma-bonded phenyl-iron complexes. The conclusion that the heme iron is accessible to substrates is supported by the observation that CcP and W51A CcP oxidize thioanisole to the racemic sulfoxide with(More)
When nitric oxide (NO) binds to heme proteins, it exerts a repulsive trans effect on the proximal ligand, resulting in weakening or rupture of the proximal ligand-iron bond. The general question of whether NO binding generates a five-coordinate complex with proximal ligand release is important for the function of enzymes such as guanylate cyclase. This(More)
The peroxidase from Coprinus macrorhizus is inactivated by phenylhydrazine or sodium azide in the presence of H2O2. Inactivation by phenylhydrazine results in formation of the delta-meso-phenyl and 8-hydroxymethyl derivatives of the prosthetic heme group and covalent binding of the phenyl moiety to the protein but not in the detectable formation of(More)
Chloroperoxidase and H2O2 oxidize styrene to styrene oxide and phenylacetaldehyde but not benzaldehyde. The epoxide oxygen is shown by studies with H2(18)O2 to derive quantitatively from the peroxide. The epoxidation of trans-[1-2H]styrene by chloroperoxidase proceeds without detectable loss of stereochemistry, as does the epoxidation of styrene by rat(More)
Modeling studies suggest that electrons are transferred from cytochrome c to cytochrome c peroxidase (CcP) with cytochrome c predominantly bound at a site facing the gamma-meso edge of the CcP prosthetic heme group (Poulos, T.L., and Kraut, J. (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 10322-10330). As shown here, guaiacol and ferrocyanide are oxidized at a different site(More)
Lignin peroxidase (LiP) is rapidly inactivated in a concentration-dependent manner by H2O2 and either phenylhydrazine or sodium azide. Full inactivation of isozyme 2b (H8) requires approximately 50 eq of phenylhydrazine or 80 eq of sodium azide. Anaerobic incubation of isozyme 2b with [14C]phenylhydrazine and H2O2 results in 77% loss of catalytic activity(More)