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As currently implemented, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) relies on the protons of water molecules in tissue to provide the NMR signal. Protons are, however, notoriously difficult to image in some biological environments of interest, notably the lungs and lipid bilayer membranes such as those in the brain. Here we show that 129Xe gas can be used for(More)
Two healthy volunteers who had inhaled approximately 0.75 L of laser-polarized helium-3 gas underwent magnetic resonance imaging at 1.5 T with fast gradient-echo pulse sequences and small flip angles ( < 10 degrees). Thick-section (20 mm) coronal images, time-course data (30 images collected every 1.8 seconds), and thin-section (6 mm) images were acquired.(More)
  • R Carr, B Filippone, E W Hughes, J S Jensen, C Jones, Yu Kolomensky +36 others
  • 1997
We propose a precision measurement of the parity nonconserving left-right asymmetry in the scattering of longitudinally polarized electrons from the atomic electrons in a hydrogen target (MMller scattering) in End Station A. The asymmetry measures the eeective pseudo-scalar weak neutral current coupling governing MMller scattering (g ee g Ve g Ae) at an(More)
Magnetic resonance images of the lungs of a guinea pig have been produced using hyperpolarized helium as the source of the MR signal. The resulting images are not yet sufficiently optimized to reveal fine structural detail within the lung, but the spectacular signal from this normally signal-deficient organ system offers great promise for eventual in vivo(More)
Using a new method of xenon laser-polarization that permits the generation of liter quantities of hyperpolarized 129Xe gas, the first 129Xe imaging results from the human chest and the first 129Xe spectroscopy results from the human chest and head have been obtained. With polarization levels of approximately 2%, cross-sectional images of the lung gas-spaces(More)
We present a new pulse sequence for measuring very-short-time-scale restricted diffusion of hyperpolarized noble gases. The pulse sequence is based on concatenating a large number of bipolar diffusion-sensitizing gradients to increase the diffusion attenuation of the MR signal while maintaining a fundamentally short diffusion time. However, it differs in(More)
A new technique is demonstrated in six healthy human subjects that combines grid-tagging and hyperpolarized helium-3 MRI to assess regional lung biomechanical function and quantitative ventilation. 2D grid-tagging, achieved by applying sinc-modulated RF-pulse trains along the frequency- and phase-encoding directions, was followed by a multislice fast(More)
The instrumentation in Hall A at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility was designed to study electro-and photo-induced reactions at very high luminosity and good momentum and angular resolution for at least one of the reaction products. The central components of Hall A are two identical high resolution spectrometers, which allow the vertical(More)
The neutron longitudinal and transverse asymmetries A n 1 and A n 2 have been extracted from deep inelas-tic scattering of polarized electrons by a polarized 3 He target at incident energies of 19.42, 22.66 and 25.51 GeV. The measurement allows for the determination of the neutron spin structure functions g n 1 (x; Q 2) and g n 2 (x; Q 2) over the range(More)