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Combinations of the Golgi stain, anterograde degeneration, and electron microscopy are used to further characterize the hormone-sensitive "type IV" neuron of the forebrain nucleus robustus archistriatalis (RA) of adult female canaries. Anterograde degeneration was used to "stain," at the electron-microscopic level, the axon terminals of neurons projecting(More)
The development of gamma-aminobutyric acid-immunoreactivity (GABA-I) in nucleus magnocellularis (NM) and nucleus laminaris (NL) of the chick was studied by using an antiserum to GABA. In posthatch chicks, GABA-I is localized to small, round punctate structures in the neuropil and surrounding nerve cell bodies. Electron microscopic immunocytochemistry(More)
The fine structure of synaptic terminals contacting neurons generated in the forebrain of adult male canaries was investigated by autoradiography and electron microscopy. The procedure for labeling the new neurons included pretreating adult canaries with 3H-thymidine and sacrificing them 23-45 days later. Neurons were identified as newly generated by the(More)
Development of the olfactory epithelia of the African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis, was studied by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Stages examined ranged from hatching through the end of metamorphosis. The larval olfactory organ consists of two chambers, the principal cavity and the vomeronasal organ (VNO). A third sensory chamber, the middle(More)
Experiments were conducted to examine by light and electron microscopy the localization of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in the main (MOB) and accessory (AOB) olfactory bulbs of the normal mouse. Evidence from the literature for cholinergic innervation of the mammalian olfactory bulb was then assessed in light of possible correlation between reported sites of(More)
Quantitative and morphological data were obtained on developing olfactory axons in the African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis, during late premetamorphosis (stages 48-54), prometamorphosis (stages 55-57), and halfway through metamorphic climax (stages 58-62). Larval axons throughout these stages of development did not change with respect to morphology or(More)
We have used rapid freezing and freeze-substitution fixation to permit electron microscopic study of [3H]2-deoxyglucose autoradiographs. The techniques minimize diffusion of label into processing fluids and, by inference, migration of label within tissue. Slabs of olfactory bulbs from 12-day-old rats were quick-frozen after one hour of exposure to(More)
Partial deafferentation of the olfactory bulb in Xenopus embryos was performed to analyze the effects of afferent innervation on the development of the central olfactory structure. In an attempt to analyze a possible early inductive role of the olfactory axons, one olfactory placode was removed before differentiation of the neural tube began (stages 26-31).(More)
Metamorphic changes in the amphibian olfactory system present many interesting questions concerning the competing possibilities of neuronal respecification versus replacement. For example, are olfactory neurons retained during this transition with their presumed sensitivity to waterborne versus airborne stimuli respecified, or are olfactory neurons(More)
We determined the time of origin of neurons in the olfactory bulb of the South African clawed frog, Xenopus laevis. Tritiated thymidine injections were administered to frog embryos and tadpoles from gastrulation (stage 11/12) through metamorphosis (stage 65), paraffin sections were processed for autoradiography, and the distribution of heavily and lightly(More)