G. Czapski

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The activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in the reperfused brain after ischemia has been assumed but never has been directly presented. Our studies indicate a different dynamic of PARP activity alteration in hippocampus during reperfusion after 3 and 10 min of transient forebrain ischemia in gerbils. The phasic stimulation of PARP activity was(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is a key enzyme responsible for the maintenance of genome stability, transcriptional regulation, and long-term potentiation in neurons. However, the excessive activation of PARP-1 under pathological conditions may lead to an accumulation of poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR), a novel signaling molecule that induces programmed cell(More)
A systemic inflammatory reaction may have detrimental effects on the organism, including the central nervous system. Previous studies have indicated that lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-evoked systemic inflammation induces pathological alterations in the mouse midbrain, especially in the substantia nigra. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the(More)
Our study focused on the relationship between amyloid β 1-42 (Aβ), sphingosine kinases (SphKs) and mitochondrial sirtuins in regulating cell fate. SphK1 is a key enzyme involved in maintaining sphingolipid rheostat in the brain. Deregulation of the sphingolipid metabolism may play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Mitochondrial(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is a component of many pathological conditions including neurodegenerative diseases and inflammation. An important source of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are lipoxygenases (LOX) - enzymes responsible for the metabolism of arachidonic acid and other polyunsaturated fatty acids. LOX inhibitors have a protective effect in(More)
The only well confirmed genetic risk factor for sporadic Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the possession of apolipoprotein E (APOE) epsilon4 allele. As it contributes to 40-70% of AD cases, a large proportion of genetic variance may be determined by additional loci. Our aim was to estimate how reported genetic factors (APOE, NOS3, MTHFR) interact to increase the(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP-1) plays an important role in DNA repair processes during oxidative/genotoxic stress, in regulation of transcription factors and in cell death mechanisms. However, little is known about the physiopathological role of other PARP family members. In this study we analyzed, for the first time, expression of PARP family genes(More)
alpha-Synuclein (ASN), a small presynaptic protein that is abundant in the brain, is implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. The central domain of alpha-synuclein, the non-amyloid beta component of the Alzheimer's disease amyloid (NAC) is probably responsible for its toxicity. However, the(More)
Although the inducible isoform of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) is a well-established source of nitric oxide (NO*) during inflammation of the central nervous system (CNS), little is known about the involvement of constitutive isoforms of NOS (cNOS) in the inflammatory process. The aim of this study was to compare the responses of the expression and activity(More)
Lipoxygenases (LOX) are a family of enzymes that are responsible for the metabolism of arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acid and for the formation of several eicosanoids and docosanoids, including leukotrienes, lipoxins and neuroprotectins. Depending on cells' redox state and other milieu conditions, these enzymes are engaged in oxidative stress and cell(More)