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In this study we calculate the half-life of .NO in its reactions with superoxide and with oxygen under various conditions using the known rate constants for these reactions. The measured half-life of .NO in biological systems is 3-5 s, which agrees well with the calculated value for intracellular .NO, but not for extracellular .NO under normal physiological(More)
The reactions of NO. with O2.- and with HO2. were studied using the pulse radiolysis technique under pseudo first order conditions where ([O2.-]o + [HO2.]o) > [NO.]o at pH 3.3-10.0. The rate constant of the reaction of NO. with O2.- was determined both by monitoring the decay of O2.- at 250 nm and the formation of ONOO- at 302 nm to be (4.3 +/- 0.5) x 10(9)(More)
We have studied the reaction kinetics of ten manganese porphyrins, differing in their meso substituents, with peroxynitrite (ONOO-) and carbonate radical anion (CO3.) using stopped-flow and pulse radiolysis, respectively. Rate constants for the reactions of Mn(III) porphyrins with ONOO- ranged from 1 x 10(5) to 3.4 x 10(7) m(-1) s(-1) and correlated well(More)
A new mechanism (Mechanism III) that combines features of mechanisms suggested earlier (Goldstein and Czapski, Inorg. Chem. 34:4041-4048; 1995; Pryor, Jin, and Squadrito Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91:11173-11177; 1994) is proposed for oxidations by peroxynitrite. In Mechanism III, oxidations by peroxynitrite can take place either directly by ground-state(More)
Numerous transition metal ions and their complexes in their lower oxidation states (LmMn+) were found to have the oxidative features of the Fenton reagent, and, therefore, the mixtures of these metal compounds with H2O2 were named "Fenton-like" reagents. Using the Marcus theory and the experimental data in the literature, it is shown that in most cases the(More)
The toxicity of ascorbate towards phage lambda and the phages T2-T7 has been investigated. At room temperature the T-odd and lambda bacteriophages are highly susceptible to ascorbate-induced damage, whereas the T-even phages are practically resistant. The toxicity of ascorbate is dependent on the presence of copper (or iron) and oxygen, although oxygen is(More)
Radiation chemical experiments demonstrate that the reaction of tyrosyl radical (TyrO(.)) with (.)NO(2) yields 45 +/- 3% 3-nitrotyrosine and that a major product of the reaction of TyrO(.) with (.)NO is 3,3'-dityrosine. Radiolysis was used to generate (.)NO and O-(2) in the presence of tyrosine and bicarbonate at pH 7.5 +/- 0.1. The nitration yield was(More)
A possible route to S-nitrosothiols in biology is the reaction between thiyl radicals and nitric oxide. D. Hofstetter et al. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.360:146-148; 2007) claimed an upper limit of (2.8+/-0.6)x10(7) M(-1)s(-1) for the rate constant between thiyl radicals derived from glutathione and nitric oxide, and it was suggested that under(More)
In a recent publication (Michel et al. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 439:234-240; 2005) the authors argued that the catalytic rate constant, k(cat), for wild-type Cu,Zn-superoxide dismutase (Cu,Zn-SOD), determined previously by pulse radiolysis, was overestimated due to contamination with excess copper. They reported that addition of 0.1 mM EDTA to a sample that(More)
The reactions of Fe3+-EDTA and Fe2+-EDTA with O2- and CO2- were investigated in the pH range 3.8--11.8. Around neutral pH O2- reduces Fe3+-EDTA with a rate constant which is pH dependent kpH 5.8--8.1 = 2 - 10(6)--5 - 10(5) M-1 - s-1. At higher pH values this reaction becomes much slower. The CO2- radical reduces Fe3+-EDTA with kpH 3.8--1- = 5 +/- 1 - 10(7)(More)