G Cardace

Learn More
The use of enzymes to assay individual components of the L-carnitine family in pharmaceuticals, foodstuffs, and biological fluids with various forms of detection is reviewed. The most useful enzyme in the assay of compounds of the L-carnitine family is carnitine acetyl transferase (CAT), which catalyses the reversible interconversion of L-carnitine and its(More)
Episodes with muscle ache, rhabdomyolysis and myoglobinuria with or without associated renal insufficiency are characteristic of muscle carnitinepalmitoyltransferase (CPT) deficiency. However, patients differ from each other in many aspects, such as the kind of stimulus that triggers rhabdomyolysis, the ability to produce ketone bodies when fasting, whether(More)
A radiometric method for the assay of ganglioside sialidase in cultured human fibroblasts was set up. As substrate, highly radioactive (1.28 Ci/mmol) ganglioside GDla isotopically tritium-labeled at carbon C-3 of the long chain base was employed; the liberated, and TLC separated [3H]GM1 was determined by computer-assisted radiochromatoscanning. Under(More)
Plasma concentration, urinary excretion and renal clearance of free, total and esterified L-carnitine were monitored monthly in 14 women during the last 6 months of pregnancy and 1 month after delivery. Plasma concentration and renal clearance measured 1 month after delivery overlapped with normal values for females of comparable age, and were considered(More)
L-Carnitine and its acyl esters constitute an endogenous pool of the L-carnitine family, involved in the uptake of free fatty acids in the mitochondria by transfer across their membrane of the acyl moieties to fuel the beta-oxidation and the release of the acetyl group from the mitochondria to the cytosol. Therefore acyl-L-carnitine and acyl-L-carnitine(More)
L-carnitine and its short-, medium- and long-chain acyl esters constitute the L-carnitine family. These compounds in the body are equilibrated according to a homeostatic equilibrium preserved and, when impaired, restored by a dynamic inter-exchange between L-carnitine and its esters, catalysed by carnitine acyl transferases, and a tubular reabsorption(More)
An high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of PCF 39, N2-[5-(hypoxanthin-9-yl)pentyloxycarbonyl]-L-arginine, with ultraviolet detection, has been devised and validated. The main pharmacokinetic results encountered for rats treated intravenously with PCF 39 at a dose of 100 mg/kg are described.
The effect of diabetes induced by streptozotocin and that of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) hydrochloride (CAS 5080-50-2) treatment on the homeostasis of the levocarnitine (L-carnitine) moiety was investigated in Sprague-Dawley rats. The diabetic status was ascertained by measuring blood glucose. L-carnitine (LC), total acid soluble L-carnitine (TC) and ALC were(More)