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A radiometric method for the assay of ganglioside sialidase in cultured human fibroblasts was set up. As substrate, highly radioactive (1.28 Ci/mmol) ganglioside GDla isotopically tritium-labeled at carbon C-3 of the long chain base was employed; the liberated, and TLC separated [3H]GM1 was determined by computer-assisted radiochromatoscanning. Under(More)
Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDHC) activity was measured in cultured fibroblasts from 12 patients with Friedreich's ataxia (FA), and in 1 patient with lactic acidosis and ataxia. The activities obtained after extraction of PDHC by different methods were compared. Triton-X-100 extraction yielded enzyme activities 5 to 10 times greater than those obtained(More)
L-Carnitine and its acyl esters constitute an endogenous pool of the L-carnitine family, involved in the uptake of free fatty acids in the mitochondria by transfer across their membrane of the acyl moieties to fuel the beta-oxidation and the release of the acetyl group from the mitochondria to the cytosol. Therefore acyl-L-carnitine and acyl-L-carnitine(More)
L-carnitine and its short-, medium- and long-chain acyl esters constitute the L-carnitine family. These compounds in the body are equilibrated according to a homeostatic equilibrium preserved and, when impaired, restored by a dynamic inter-exchange between L-carnitine and its esters, catalysed by carnitine acyl transferases, and a tubular reabsorption(More)
Plasma concentration, urinary excretion and renal clearance of free, total and esterified L-carnitine were monitored monthly in 14 women during the last 6 months of pregnancy and 1 month after delivery. Plasma concentration and renal clearance measured 1 month after delivery overlapped with normal values for females of comparable age, and were considered(More)
An high-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of PCF 39, N2-[5-(hypoxanthin-9-yl)pentyloxycarbonyl]-L-arginine, with ultraviolet detection, has been devised and validated. The main pharmacokinetic results encountered for rats treated intravenously with PCF 39 at a dose of 100 mg/kg are described.
The effect of diabetes induced by streptozotocin and that of acetyl-L-carnitine (ALC) hydrochloride (CAS 5080-50-2) treatment on the homeostasis of the levocarnitine (L-carnitine) moiety was investigated in Sprague-Dawley rats. The diabetic status was ascertained by measuring blood glucose. L-carnitine (LC), total acid soluble L-carnitine (TC) and ALC were(More)
Evidence has been put forth that a number of human and experimental cardiomyopathies are associated with a lower myocardial carnitine content. This study was performed to test the hypothesis that the correction of carnitine derivative, propionyl-L-carnitine (PLC), may improve cardiac function. Repeated administration of PLC was compared to saline with(More)