G. C. van Loo

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Diets rich in fat result in higher concentrations of secondary bile acids or their salts in the colon, which may adversely affect cells of the colonic epithelium. Because secondary bile acids are thought to be genotoxic, exposing colon epithelial cells to secondary bile acids may induce DNA damage that might lead to apoptosis. The requirement for the p53(More)
  • George Loo
  • The Journal of nutritional biochemistry
  • 2003
Phytochemicals are potential cancer chemopreventive agents, based partly on cellular research establishing that phytochemicals inhibit the proliferation of cancer cells. To elucidate the mechanism of phytochemicals, a basic understanding is needed of what stimulates cancer cell proliferation. Cancer cells, particularly those that are highly invasive or(More)
Tocotrienols, which are Vitamin E isoforms, are known to inhibit the growth of human breast cancer cells due partly to apoptosis. However, the characterization of tocotrienol-induced apoptosis is incomplete, particularly what happens during the initiation phase that precedes execution of the cells. The objective of this study was to clarify the apoptotic(More)
Phenolic phytochemicals are thought to promote optimal health, partly via their antioxidant effects in protecting cellular components against free radicals. The aims of this study were to assess the free radical-scavenging activities of several common phenolic phytochemicals, and then, the effects of the most potent phenolic phytochemicals on oxidative(More)
Ingestion of plant products containing the phenolic phytochemical, curcumin, has been linked to lower incidences of colon cancer, suggesting that curcumin has cancer chemopreventive effects. Supporting this suggestion at the cellular level, apoptosis occurs in human colon cancer cells exposed to curcumin. However, the mechanism is unclear, prompting this(More)
The bile salt, deoxycholate (DOC), can harm cells and cause disease. Hence, there is interest in identifying compounds capable of protecting cells against DOC. In HCT-116 colon epithelial cells, DOC increased generation of reactive oxygen species and caused DNA damage and apoptosis. These effects of DOC were inhibited by rottlerin, which is a phenolic(More)
Oxidative modification of low density lipoprotein (LDL) by cigarette smoke has been suggested in several recent studies. To characterize possible modification of LDL by cigarette smoke extract (CSE), we incubated LDL with CSE either in the presence or absence of the chemical pro-oxidants, cupric chloride or 2,2'-azo-bis(2-amidinopropane) hydrochloride(More)
The bile acid, deoxycholate, can induce apoptosis although the effect of trace elements on such cell death is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine if deoxycholate-induced apoptosis is influenced by zinc. HCT-116 colon epithelial cells were pre-treated with zinc and then exposed to deoxycholate. Membrane blebbing, formation of apoptotic bodies,(More)
  • J Xu, G Loo
  • Journal of cellular biochemistry
  • 2001
The association between consumption of genistein-containing soybean products and lower risk of breast cancer suggests a cancer chemopreventive role for genistein. Consistent with this suggestion, exposing cultured human breast cancer cells to genistein inhibits cell proliferation, although this is not completely understood. To better understand how(More)
The micronutrient copper is a catalytic cofactor for copper, zinc superoxide dismutase and ceruloplasmin, which are two important antioxidant enzymes. As such, a lack of copper may promote oxidative stress and damage. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of copper deficiency on oxidative damage to DNA in Jurkat T-lymphocytes. To induce(More)