G C Van Tuyle

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Transient generation of reactive oxygen or nitrogen (ROS/RNS), detected with dihydrodichlorofluoroscein by fluorescence microscopy, occurs within minutes of exposing cells to ionizing radiation. In the 1-10 Gy dose range, the amount of ROS/RNS produced/cell is constant, but the percentage of producing cells increases with dose (20 to 80%). Reversible(More)
A highly folded, rapidly sedimenting form of rat liver mitochondrial DNA has been released from the organelles wiht BRIJ 58 and sodium deoxycholate in the presence of 0.5 M NaCl and isolated by sedimentation velocity in sucrose gradients. Under these conditions a majority of the mitochondrial DNA labeled in vitro sedimented beyond 39 S, the sedimentation(More)
This study identified 33 different deletions in mitochondrial DNA from four aging Fischer-344 rat brains and from a cultured rat lymphoma cell line (Nb2 cells). The deletions were located in the longer arc between the heavy and light strand origins of replication. PCR products that spanned across the deleted regions were sequenced, and deletions ranging(More)
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)-protein complexes were released from the organelles by sodium dodecyl sulfate-lysis and purified by Phenyl-Sepharose CL-4B chromatography. The mitochondrial DNA-binding protein P16 was the only detectable protein in the complex. Treatment of the complex with proteinase K, or subtilisin, revealed the presence of a(More)
The mitochondrial DNA-binding protein P16 was isolated from rat liver mitochondrial lysates by affinity chromatography on single strand DNA agarose and separated from DNA in the preparation by alkaline CsCl isopycnic gradients. The top fraction of the gradients contained a single polypeptide species (Mr approximately equal to 15,200) based upon SDS PAGE.(More)
The 5'- and 3'-tRNA processing nucleases have been isolated from rat liver mitochondria. The two activities co-purified through heparin-agarose and phenyl-Sepharose columns and then efficiently separated on a DEAE-cellulose column. The 5' processing nuclease was found in the flow-through fraction, and the 3' processing activity eluted with 0.5 M KCl. Both(More)
The effects of dysregulation of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21WAF1/CIP1 on the apoptotic response of U937 monocytic leukemia cells to 1-beta-D-arabinofuranosylcytosine (ara-C) were examined. After a 6-h exposure to 1 microM ara-C, cells stably transfected with a p21WAF1/CIP1 antisense construct were significantly more sensitive to the induction(More)
Brain mtDNA from rats ranging in age from 1 day to 33 months were analyzed for large-scale rearrangements using nested PCR. The region of the mtDNA targeted by the primers was the shorter are between the two origins of replication and encompassed the heavy (H) and light (L) strand promoters (HSP) and (LSP). Rearrangements lacking 4 to 5 kb of genomic(More)
Rat liver ribonuclease P was isolated from a cytosolic fraction and shown to have optimal activity in the presence of 1 mM MgCl2 and 150-200 mM KCl using Escherchia coli pre-tRNA(Tyr) as substrate. In cesium sulfate isopycnic density gradients, the enzyme had a buoyant density of 1.36 g/ml, indicating that it is a ribonucleoprotein complex. Analysis of the(More)