G. Bruce Schaalje

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Excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) may describe the impact of previous exercise on energy metabolism. Ten males completed Resistance Only, Run Only, Resistance-Run, and Run-Resistance experimental conditions. Resistance exercise consisted of 7 lifts. Running consisted of 25 minutes of treadmill exercise. Vo(2) was determined during treadmill(More)
Emerging next-generation sequencing technologies have revolutionized the collection of genomic data for applications in bioforensics, biosurveillance, and for use in clinical settings. However, to make the most of these new data, new methodology needs to be developed that can accommodate large volumes of genetic data in a computationally efficient manner.(More)
Twelve lactating, multiparous Holstein cows were used to evaluate the effects of silage chop length and proportion of long hay in low and adequate forage fiber diets on chewing activities and productivity of cows fed barley-based concentrates. Diets were designed with two forage:concentrate ratios (low forage fiber, 35:65; adequate forage fiber, 65:35),(More)
The MIXED procedure of SAS® has made use of the linear mixed model accessible to researchers. However, a sticky problem for the procedure has been the specification of appropriate denominator degrees of freedom for test statistics for fixed effects in both balanced designs with simple covariance structures and complex designs involving complicated(More)
Green manure application may benefit subsequent crops not only by improving nitrogen (N) fertility but also via non-nutritional mechanisms. The quantification of the latter effect, however, is complicated by the confounding effect of N fertility. Two experiments were conducted in controlled environments to partition the yield response of barley to green(More)
Medical implants are sometimes colonized by biofilm-forming bacteria, which are very difficult to treat effectively. The combination of gentamicin and ultrasonic exposure for 24 hours was previously shown to reduce the viability of Escherichia coli biofilms in vivo. This article shows that such treatment for 48 hours reduced viable E coli bacteria to nearly(More)
Infection of implanted medical devices by Gram-positive organisms such as Staphylococcus ssp. is a serious concern in the biomaterial community. In this research the application of low frequency ultrasound to enhance the activity of vancomycin against implanted Staphylococcus epidermidis biofilms was examined. Polyethylene disks covered with a biofilm of S.(More)
Tuberculosis continues to be a major world health threat. The etiologic agent is among the vegetative organisms most resistant to chemical disinfection. Tuberculocidal efficacy testing for regulatory approval of chemical germicides has evolved considerably over the past decade. A method currently in use is the Environmental Protection Agency Tuberculocidal(More)
BACKGROUND During formation of the secondary palate, clefting may result when critical developmental events are altered. The purpose of this study was to reduce the incidence of retinoic acid (RA)-induced cleft palate (CP) in mice by the co-administration of folic acid (FA), methionine (ME) or a combination of both. METHODS Four groups of time-pregnant(More)
Twelve lactating, multiparous Holstein cows were used in two experiments, designed as 6 x 6 Latin squares with 28-d periods, to evaluate the effects of increasing the NDF concentration of diets consisting of barley-based concentrates and various forages. Diets were designed in a 3 x 2 factorial set with three concentrations of total dietary NDF (32, 36, and(More)