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Inhibition of calmodulin (CaM) sensitizes Ca2+ release mediated by D-myo-inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate (InsP3) in Xenoplus oocytes, which results in spontaneous Ca2+ -dependent Cl- current oscillations or in a shift of the concentration threshold for lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) by a tenfold factor. The oscillatory currents appear at a low initial Ca2+(More)
Activation of the phosphoinositide transduction pathway induces capacitative Ca2+ entry in Xenopus oocytes. This can also be evoked by intracellular injection of Ins(1,4.5)P3, external application of thapsigargin and/or incubation in a Ca2+-free medium. Readmission of Ca2+ to voltage-clamped, thapsigargin-treated Xenopus oocytes triggers Ca2+-dependent Cl-(More)
Caffeine increases the amplitude of the Cl- currents evoked by capacitative Ca2+ entry (CCE) on thapsigargin-treated Xenopus oocytes. The caffeine-induced potentiation of the CCE process appears to rest on two distinct and additive components. The first component involves the cAMP second messenger system since it can be mimicked by either IBMX perfusion or(More)
Xenopus oocytes injected with rat cerebellar mRNA expressed functional voltage-dependent Ca channels detected as an inward Ba current (IBa). The pharmacological resistance to dihydropyridines and omega-conotoxin together with the blockade obtained with Agelenopsis aperta venom suggest that these channels could be somehow assimilated to P-type Ca channels.(More)
Using the whole cell voltage-clamp technique and a C1 free and Na free Ba methane sulfonate solution, stage V and VI Xenopus oocytes demonstrated a Ba current (endogenous component) with a peak amplitude average of 6 nA (6 +/- 2 nA). When oocytes were injected with crustacean skeletal muscle mRNA, an additional component of IBa could be detected (exogenous(More)
The effect of Ca2+ on inositol (1,4,5)-trisphosphate 3-kinase (3-kinase) activity was measured on Xenopus oocyte cytosolic extracts. The Ca2+-evoked elevation in 3-kinase activity appeared to be mediated by calmodulin (CaM) and the calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII). The results observed in vitro were totally retrieved in intact oocytes and(More)
Using the single electrode voltage-clamp technique, stage V and VI Xenopus oocytes showed a Ba inward current (endogenous IBa) with a peak amplitude of -15 +/- 2 nA in a Cl and Na-free Ba methane sulphonate medium. When oocytes were injected with pregnant rat (18 days gestation) myometrium mRNA, an additional component of Ba current could be detected(More)
Agents such as TEA+ or CS+ ions, these last ions instead of K+ ions in poor K extracellular solution, known to reduce or abolish the inwardly rectifying channel in many preparations produced no effect in crayfish muscle membrane By contrast, poor Cl extracellular solution (Cl- ions were replaced by CH3OSO3- ions) blocked the inward current activated by(More)
1.--The tetraethylammonium (TEA) effects on K+ contracture and membrane depolarization are compared in both crab and frog skeletal muscle fibres. 2.--The mechanical tension of the contracture is reduced by the TEA in frog skeletal muscle fibre; it is increased in crab skeletal fibre. 3.--When no mechanical phenomenon is observed in frog skeletal muscle, the(More)
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