G Bianchetti

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Amisulpride binds selectively to dopamine D(2) and D(3) receptors in the limbic system. Low doses of amisulpride preferentially block presynaptic D(2)/D(3)-dopamine autoreceptors, thereby enhancing dopaminergic transmission, whereas higher doses block postsynaptic receptors, thus inhibiting dopaminergic hyperactivity. Amisulpride is clinically effective on(More)
Zolpidem is an imidazopyridine which binds specifically to the omega 1 receptor. Zolpidem demonstrated potent hypnotic activity at a dose of 10 mg. Pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of zolpidem were studied after daytime administration in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross-over trial. Single doses of zolpidem (10 mg IV as a 3-min(More)
The behavioural effects of both apomorphine (stereotypies) and haloperidol (catalepsy and reversal of stereotypies) were significantly enhanced in hypophysectomized rats compared with sham-operated rats. Both the efficacy and duration of action were increased Hypophysectomized animals had significantly greater brain haloperidol concentrations than did(More)
The effects of high doses of haloperidol on clinical status and plasma neuroleptic and prolactin concentrations and CSF levels of homovanillic acid (HVA) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) were investigated in three paranoid schizophrenic patients over six weeks. The patients had been receiving haloperidol. Oral dosages were increased at weekly intervals(More)
Heart-rate, arterial pressure, and plasmarenin activity were determined in six normal subjects at rest and after an injection of 8 microgram isoprenaline with and without prior propranolol administered orally in a dose of 5 mg 8-hourly for a total of five doses. After propranolol, resting heart-rate, systolic pressure, and plasma-renin activity all fell(More)
Nomifensine pharmacokinetics were determined in healthy volunteers after the oral administration of 50 mg of the drug. Peak plasma levels of 95-177 ng/ml were attained within 1 to 4 hrs, and the apparent plasma half-lives ranged from 3.3 to 4.9 hrs. Assuming 100% bioavailability the drug has a relatively large apparent volume of distribution. From these(More)
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