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Chylomicron catabolism is known to be initiated by the enzyme lipoprotein lipase (triacylglycero-protein acylhydrolase, EC 3.1.1.34). Chylomicron remnants, produced by lipolysis, are rapidly taken up by the liver via an apolipoprotein E (apoE)-mediated, receptor-dependent process. The low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein (LRP) has been(More)
In this study, we have investigated the effects of alimentary lipemia in 15 normotriglyceridemic individuals on high density lipoproteins2 (HDL2) with respect to structure, composition, and substrate efficacy for hepatic lipase in vitro. In the study subjects, HDL2 levels ranged widely from 4.7 to 151.7 mg/dl plasma. HDL2 were isolated in the postabsorptive(More)
Lipoprotein lipase and hepatic lipase were measured in rat plasma using specific antisera. Mean values for lipoprotein lipase in adult rats were 1.8-3.6 mU/ml, depending on sex and nutritional state. Values for hepatic lipase were about three times higher. Lipoprotein lipase activity in plasma of newborn rats was 2-4-times higher than in adults. In(More)
To explore the interactions of triacylglycerol and phospholipid hydrolysis in lipoprotein conversions and remodeling, we compared the activities of lipoprotein and hepatic lipases on human VLDL, IDL, LDL, and HDL2. Triacylglycerol and phospholipid hydrolysis by each enzyme were measured concomitantly in each lipoprotein class by measuring hydrolysis of(More)
This study was designed to further ascertain the presence in plasma of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) bound to circulating lipoproteins. Lipoprotein lipase mass and activity values in preheparin plasma from 20 volunteers were 69.8 +/- 6.6 ng.ml-1 and 1.54 +/- 0.15 mU.ml-1, respectively, and no significant correlation between mass and activity was observed.(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL, E C 3.1.1.34) is the enzyme responsible for hydrolysis of triacylglycerols in plasma lipoproteins, making the fatty acids available for use by subjacent tissues. LPL is functional at the surface of endothelial cells, but it is not clear which cells synthesize the enzyme and what its distribution within tissues and vessels is. In(More)
Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) catalyzes the flux-generating step in transport of fatty acids from lipoprotein triacylglycerols into tissues for use in metabolic reactions. In vitro studies have shown that fatty acids can bind to the enzyme and impede its other interactions. In this study we have searched for evidence of fatty acid control of LPL in vivo by rapid(More)
We have studied the binding and metabolism of 125I-labeled bovine lipoprotein lipase (LPL) by use of isolated, perfused rat livers. Our data suggest the presence of two types of binding sites, i.e., heparin-sensitive sites that bind primarily the catalytically active form of the lipase and are present at the endothelium in all blood vessels and(More)
To explore how enzyme affinities and enzyme activities regulate hydrolysis of water-insoluble substrates, we compared hydrolysis of phospholipid-stabilized emulsions of medium-chain (MCT) versus long-chain triacylglycerols (LCT). Because substrate solubility at the emulsion surface might modulate rates of hydrolysis, the ability of egg yolk(More)
When isolated rat livers were perfused with medium containing lipoprotein lipase, 40-60% was taken up during a single passage. This value was similar for lipoprotein lipase derived from culture medium of rat preadipocytes, and for lipoprotein lipase purified from bovine milk. It was also, similar, irrespective of the lipoprotein lipase concentration, at(More)