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BACKGROUND Thyroid nodules have been found to be common in the population of the Marshall Islands. This has been attributed to potential exposure of radioiodines from the nuclear weapons tests on Bikini and Eniwetok between 1946 and 1958. METHODS In order to get a full picture of thyroid pathology in the Marshallese population potentially exposed to(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic balloon dilation has been shown to be an alternative to surgery in the treatment of Crohn's symptomatic strictures. AIM To analyse the impact of the type of the strictures -de novo or anastomotic - their location and their length on the outcome of endoscopic balloon dilation. METHODS Between December 1999 and June 2008, 55 patients(More)
Increasing evidence has accumulated for rapid nongenomic steroid actions in various cell systems and, more recently, for rapid aldosterone effects on the Na(+)-H+ antiport in human mononuclear leukocytes. The aim of the present study was to demonstrate a rapid, nongenomic aldosterone action in rat vascular smooth muscle cells as a key effector cell in(More)
Iodine induced thyroid involution is caused by apoptosis rather than necrosis. This effect of iodide on apoptosis of thyroid epithelial cells may be not a direct one but mediated by iodinated derivatives i.e. of polyunsaturated fatty acids, especially of iodolactones, which have previously shown to inhibit thyroid cell proliferation. We studied the(More)
Isolated intact porcine thyroid follicles free of contaminating single cells were embedded in "Matrigel", which is a gel-forming basement membrane preparation containing mainly collagen type IV, laminin, heparan sulfate proteoglycans and entactin. Follicles were treated with different growth factors: thyrotropin (TSH), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I),(More)
We compared the iodine excretion and thyroid volumes in young students with or without continuous use of iodized salt in household. Students from five different Universities in Bavaria were evaluated on a voluntary basis. Exclusion criteria were age above 35 years, known thyroid illness except simple goiter, application of x-ray contrast medium within the(More)
Iodolactone (6-iodo-8,11,14-eicosatrienoic-delta-lactone), an iodinated derivative of arachidonic acid, was found to be synthesized in rat thyroid slices; however, the physiological role of this compound is still unknown. We tried to detect iodolactone in isolated porcine thyroid follicles and investigated the effects of in vitro synthesized iodolactone on(More)
There is evidence that iodoarachidonates are mediators of iodide in thyroid autoregulation, however, their occurrence in vivo has not yet been demonstrated. We therefore tried to identify delta-iodolactone (5-Hydroxy-6-iodo-8,11,14-eicosatrienoic delta-lactone, IL-delta) in thyroid tissue from a patient with Graves' disease treated with high doses of(More)
Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) is known to be involved in autoimmune thyroiditis. Since the results of different in vitro-studies on the effect of IL-1 on thyrocytes are controversial, our aim was to investigate the existence of specific binding sites for IL-1 beta and its influence on specific functions and growth of isolated porcine thyroid follicles ex(More)
Human thyroglobulin (Tg) was isolated to apparent purity from various thyroid tissue samples obtained after surgery. Iodine and iodothyronine content of Tg was determined. Isoelectric focussing (IEF) was performed on thin layer agarose gels. Tg revealed a microheterogeneity of 6 bands in the range between pH 4.2 and 4.6. The intensity of the single bands(More)